Top Reasons/Causes for Infertility

    The three major causes of infertility covering over 80% of cases include ovulation problems, sperm problems, and fallopian tube problems, while 15% of couples have unexplained infertility which is defined as infertility without a specific reason.

    Reasons for infertility are are found after extensive infertility tests in about 85% of couples, about 1/4 in men only, 1/4 in women only, and 50% in both men and women. Most of these tests can be completed within 4-6 weeks. After infertility testing about 85% of couples will have one or more reasons for their infertility. When no cause is found, the diagnosis is "unexplained infertility".

    Top 4 Reasons of Infertility Problems:

    1. Ovulation problems: PCOS, egg quality, and female age issues (about 30% of all infertility)
    2. Tubal infertility: Adhesions, infections, and endometriosis (about 25% of infertility)
    3. Sperm problems: Not enough, decreased motility and morphology (about 25% of infertility)
    4. Unexplained infertility: When all tests done were normal but you still can't get pregnant (about 15% of infertility)

    Other, less common causes of infertility

    • Infertility associated with immunological problems
    • Uterine problems
    • Previous tubal ligation surgery - tied tubes
    • Previous vasectomy surgery

    Infertility-causes.jpg

    Treatment of female and male infertility:

    • Insemination - IUI
    • In vitro fertilization - IVF
    • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection - ICSI
    • Assisted hatching
    • IVF with blastocyst transfer
    • Donor sperm insemination
    • Egg donation - IVF using donor eggs
    • Laparoscopy for infertility
    • Hysteroscopy for infertility
    • Induction of ovulation for infertility
    • Ovarian stimulation
    • Tubal surgery for damaged or blocked fallopian tubes