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Top Reasons/Causes for Infertility

Infertility-causes.jpgThe three major causes of infertility covering over 80% of cases include ovulation problems, sperm problems, and fallopian tube problems, while 15% of couples have unexplained infertility which is defined as infertility without a specific reason.

Reasons for infertility are are found after extensive infertility tests in about 85% of couples, about 1/4 in men only, 1/4 in women only, and 50% in both men and women. Most of these tests can be completed within 4-6 weeks. After infertility testing about 85% of couples will have one or more reasons for their infertility. When no cause is found, the diagnosis is "unexplained infertility".

Top 4 Reasons of Infertility Problems:
  1. Ovulation problems: PCOS, egg quality, and female age issues (about 30% of all infertility)
  2. Tubal infertility: Adhesions, infections, and endometriosis (about 25% of infertility)
  3. Sperm problems: Not enough, decreased motility and morphology (about 25% of infertility)
  4. Unexplained infertility: When all tests done were normal but you still can't get pregnant (about 15% of infertility)
Other, less common causes of infertility
  • Infertility associated with immunological problems
  • Uterine problems
  • Previous tubal ligation surgery - tied tubes
  • Previous vasectomy surgery
Treatment of female and male infertility:
  • Insemination - IUI
  • In vitro fertilization - IVF
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection - ICSI
  • Assisted hatching
  • IVF with blastocyst transfer
  • Donor sperm insemination
  • Egg donation - IVF using donor eggs
  • Laparoscopy for infertility
  • Hysteroscopy for infertility
  • Induction of ovulation for infertility
  • Ovarian stimulation
  • Tubal surgery for damaged or blocked fallopian tubes

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