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Fertility Awareness: Sperm/Ejaculation

All your questions about sperm/ejaculation answered!

What are sperms?
Sperm cells, also called spermatozoa or sperms, are
made by the man's testes. Production of sperms happens all the time, and
it takes about 72 days for a man to produce a sperm. After the sperms
get mixed with fluid made by the seminal vesicles and the prostate
gland, that mixture is called the ejaculate or semen. In order to
improve pregnancy, there have to be sufficient amount of sperm present.

How long can sperm live?

Outside the body most sperm usually die within minutes. Studies have
shown that inside the vagina most sperm die within hours after
intercourse. Sperm moving up the cervix and into the uterus can survive
in the female genital tract up to several days, though fertilization is
more likely if sperms are deposited close to ovulation.

What is a normal sperm count?
A
normal sperm count is between 20 and 250 million per milliliter, there
should be at least 2 milliliter of ejaculate, and the sperms have to be
healthy and move well. Getting the sperm tested is suggested to make
sure the male has a normal sperm count.

What is a normal sperm evaluation?
There
have to be enough sperms (more than 20 million per milliliter), the
ejaculate has to have sufficient volume (more than 2 milliliter), the
ejaculate's consistency must be adequate, and sufficient sperms need to
move adequately and look healthy.

What happens with the sperm/ejaculate during intercourse?
If
there is ejaculation during unprotected intercourse into the vagina,
the ejaculate is first deposited inside the vagina, close to the cervix.
The sperm moves up the cervix into the uterus and up into the Fallopian
tubes. Fertilization occurs when a sperm joins with the egg, this
usually happens within hours after intercourse.

Can I get pregnant if he sperm/ejaculates outside the vagina?

That's not such a great way trying to prevent pregnancy. You can get
pregnant even if he ejaculates outside but close to the vagina, though
chances are lower than if he ejaculates inside your vagina. It only
takes one sperm to make it up the vagina into the uterus and meet the
egg.

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