Generic Name: Acetaminophen
Indications: Fever, mild pain and moderate pain.
FDA Drug Category: B
Acetaminophen, the main ingredient in Tylenol, has recently been found to be associated with increased risks to the newborn.
One study called: Association of Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy With Behavioral Problems in Childhood: Evidence Against Confounding said: "Children exposed to acetaminophen prenatally are at increased risk of multiple behavioral difficulties, and the associations do not appear to be explained by unmeasured behavioral or social factors linked to acetaminophen use insofar as they are not observed for postnatal or partner's acetaminophen use. Although these results could have implications for public health advice, further studies are required to replicate the findings and to understand mechanisms."
There was a Norwegian study which showed that children exposed to long-term uses of acetaminophen for more than 28 days had "substantially adverse developmenal outcomes at 3 years of age". So untiil more information is available, long-term use of acetaminophen in pregnancy is not recommended. Pregnant women with liver disease, kidney disease or anemia should consult a physician before using acetaminophen during pregnancy.
General Precautions of Tylenol in Pregnancy
Pregnant women should take as little acetaminophen as possible to treat mild pain, moderate pain or fever, as directed by a physician. The maximum allowed dose is 4,000 mg per day. Consuming in excess of 4,000 mg per day can lead to kidney damage, liver damage or anemia. If you currently suffer from any of these conditions you should speak with your obstetrician about possible contraindications before taking acetaminophen.
Effects of Tylenol While Trying to Conceive (TTC)
Like most other medications, Tylenol or acetaminophen should only be used when indicated and according to instructions.
Effects of Tylenol on Pregnancy
There is no increased risk of miscarriage or fetal/maternal death associated with using the medication according to package instructions.
At least one study has linked regular, daily use of acetaminophen during the second trimester of pregnancy with increased risk of wheezing and/or asthma. The risk is minimal and doctors believe the risk of danger to the fetus due to leaving pain or fever untreated could be higher than the risk of lung-related side effects.
Safety of Tylenol During Breastfeeding
There are no known contraindications for taking acetaminophen while breastfeeding. The pain reliever and fever reducer does pass on to the fetus, but only in amounts at or below approved levels for infant consumption. There have been no reports of birth defects associated with acetaminophen use at recommended doses. Use of acetaminophen while breastfeeding is supported by the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics.