Viral infections in pregnancy such as HIV, CMV, or parvovirus are major causes of newborn, mother and fetal diseases.
Brucellosis is one of the rarest bacterial infections reported in
pregnancy. Infection requires coming in contact with animals, animal
meat or animal milk infected with the brucellosis bacteria.
The Epstein-Barr virus (EPV) is a common viral infection. It is
estimated that 95% of people between the ages of 35 and 40 have come in contact with
the virus at least once.
Scabies (say: skay-beez) is an itchy skin condition caused by teeny, tiny mites that dig tunnels underneath the skin's surface.
The agent responsible for the sexually transmitted disease Chancroid is a bacteria called Haemophilus Ducreyi.
Congenital cytomegalovirus CMV infection affects about 0.2-2.5% of babies worldwide.
In July of 2012 the New York State Department of Health issued a Health Advisory related to an increase in the number of cases of infection due to Vibrio parahaemolyticus diagnosed in NY.
From the 6th to 24th week of gestation, pregnant women are more likely
to have a UTI than any other time during pregnancy. However, infection
can occur at any stage of gestation.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection or STI, that is not so common in pregnancy in the United States. Due to the increased risk of pregnancy complications, women are typically screened for syphilis during prenatal testing.
Trichomoniasis or trich, is a sexually transmitted disease that affects as many as 125,000 pregnant women each year. When a pregnant woman is infected with trich, she may be at increased risk of problems during pregnancy such as early delivery.
is an infection of the uppermost section of the urinary
tract. The condition is more common in women with asymptomatic urinary
tract or bladder infection.
If the urine culture is negative after treatment, but symptoms persist,
additional testing to determine the cause of symptoms will likely be
ordered. Antibiotics are not required if there is no infection present.
When bacterium from the area surrounding the urethra invades the
bladder, a bladder infection occurs. Bladder infections are relatively
common and can be treated with a course of antibiotics.
A bladder infection is a type of urinary tract infection that affects
both men and women. Women typically have fewer complications associated
with bladder infections and treatment tends to be short and swift.
Pregnant women may be more susceptible to urinary tract infections and
bladder infections. The increased risk of infection is thought to be
associated with the relaxation of muscles as progesterone levels
increase during pregnancy.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection by the Chlamydia trachomatis organism that may be passed from the mother to the infant during childbirth. The risk of passing chlamydia to an infant when the infant comes in contact with the birth canal is about 20- to 40-percent.
Gonorrhea is a serious bacterial infection that may be passed from one partner to the other during sexual contact. Sexual contact includes oral, anal and genital sex.
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is one of the most common childhood
infections. When one child contracts pink eye they can easily pass the
infection to other children and family members by touch and sharing
towels, wash cloths and bedding.
When the B. pertussis bacterium infect the lungs of a child, the result is a severe cough and whopping sound when breathing. Whooping cough can cause death.
Strep throat is one of the most common childhood illnesses. Small white patches appear on one or both sides of the throat and a fever abruptly starts.
Every fall, doctors suggest children and at-risk adults receive a
seasonal flu vaccination. The vaccination can prevent the flu or curb
the intensity of a flu infection. About 20,000 young children are hospitalized every year from complications and symptoms of seasonal flu.
Rotavirus is a common childhood infection that nearly all children suffer from before the age of 5. While the infection generally resolves without medical intervention, children with compromised immune systems may suffer severe symptoms leading to hospitalization and death.
Rotavirus is a common childhood infection that nearly all children suffer from before the age of 5.
You've gotten through your pregnancy, dealt with pregnancy infections, given birth, and now your child has an infection. Below is a guide to the symptoms, treatment and commons questions relating to infections that may occur during childhood:
Ringworm is a fungal infection. The fungi live on dead tissues found on the skin, nails and hair. Ringworm can infect the feet and genital area, causing athlete's foot and jock itch. The condition is extremely easy to treat.
MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This means the bacteria that causes MRSA is resistant to common antibiotics.
RSV infects the breathing passages and lungs in small children and infants.
Adults can also be affected by RSV. Adults have the immunity to fight
off RSV, but young children and infants have not yet built up enough
immunity so the condition may worsen and lead to other illnesses.
Reye's Syndrome is not an infection; rather, it is an illness that affects some children after a viral infection. Clinical studies have linked Reye's Syndrome with aspirin.
Mumps is a viral infection spread from one child to another via saliva (spit). The main area affected by mumps are the parotid salivary glands. These glands are located behind the cheeks.