The nurses in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are the primary
care providers. They work with newborns that need special care and
advanced medical attention. Specialized care can mean a heavier burden
is placed on the nursing staff.
One of the leading causes of neonatal and infant mortality is
prematurity and/or low birth weight. Advances in medical care mean fewer
deaths, but more reports of live births, resulting in a leveling off
of mortality rates.
Researchers at the University of Michigan recently published a study correlating sleeping patterns and increased risk of stillbirth, preeclampsia and low birth weight. Sleeping patterns can be altered and thus, so can the increased risk of pregnancy complications.
According to a new study published in the American Journal of Human
Biology, the observance of Ramadan in the Muslim faith has a negative
effect on the fetus that could cause medical issues later in life.
The first five years of a 10-year double blind study from the University
of Kansas are complete and researchers are reporting a positive benefit
of taking DHA during pregnancy.
According to a team of researchers in the tropics, infant deaths
associated with malaria may be preventable. When a pregnant woman
contracts malaria, blood vessels to the placenta do not develop
correctly and cannot provide adequate blood flow to the fetus.
A recent study published in BMC Medicine claims caffeine passes through
the placenta to the fetus, but the fetus is not prepared to handle the
caffeine so it remains active. This can cause health concerns, including
low birth weight.
Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) may have adverse side effects on
fertility and pregnancy, according to a study published in the journal
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are typically born premature.
If the fetus remained in utero for the duration of pregnancy, weight
gain would have increased during the last few weeks.
Fighting stress during pregnancy poses health risks to the pregnant
woman and fetus, according to clinical research. New research suggests
low-income rural areas face an even deeper problem when it comes to
stress and prenatal care.
Information collected by the Pelotas Birth Cohort was used in a recent
study published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. The study reported
prognostic factors doctors can look for in patients with prior low birth
During regular check-ups doctors check for proper fetal growth and
development, but they are also looking for symptoms that may be
associated with the 10 most common pregnancy complications.
Retinopathy of prematurity, called ROP in the medical community,
affects premature infants and newborns. The disease can be mild or
severe. When first diagnosed in the 1940s, the condition was called
NICU is the abbreviation for the neonatal intensive care unit of a
hospital. Infants born premature or in need of advanced medical care may
be admitted to the NICU for observation and treatment.
The Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP)
supports cognitive and physical development of very low birth weight
Researchers from the Floating Hospital for Children recently published a study in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine on the possible connection between pregnancy disorders and retinopathy in extremely low birth weight newborns.
According to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, pregnant women with lower than normal vitamin D levels during pregnancy are more likely to give birth to infants falling into the low birth weight category.
When you become pregnant, your doctor will administer a wide range of tests. Most of these tests will be done to make sure there are no complications that could negatively affect your pregnancy.
Researchers, scientists and doctors have established a solid link between depression and lower birth weight. A new study by researchers at Yale University claims discrimination can
also cause low birth weight.
Having a baby with a healthy birth weight is ideal. Birth weight can
have an effect on many factors of lifelong health, including infant
mortality, development as a child and even adult health.
Patients who’ve given birth to an infant with macrosomia may think the
medical concerns are over once discharged from the hospital, but that’s
not the case. Immediately after birth, the infant and mother are
screened for diabetes.
Being born low birth weight is often associated with prematurity. If
your infant was born full term with no complications, but weighed less
than 5.5 pounds, the term low birth weight may be used, but special care
considerations and programs will not apply, in most cases.
If during the ultrasound an infant is deemed smaller than they should be
for gestational age, special attention may be paid to infant size for
the duration of the pregnancy.
Small for gestational age is a medical term used to describe the weight
and gestational age of an infant. Just because an infant is small for
gestational age doesn’t mean extra care is needed or that the infant
will have long-term medical issues.
When parents give birth to a small for gestational age (SGA) infant it can be a
scary experience. That tiny little bundle of joy may need additional
care in the hospital before being released and some of that care may
extend months or years into the future, but extra care is not always
Low birth weight is defined as an infant weighing less than 2,500 grams
or about 5.5 pounds. Low birth weight infants can be born at any time
during gestation so not all cases involve premature delivery.
Premature infants are born before the 37th week gestation.
The earlier an infant is born, the greater the chance special care will
be required before the infant is discharged from the hospital.
Infants born weighing less than 2,500 grams or 5.5 pounds are considered
low birth weight. Some low birth weight infants are born premature
while others are born on-time, but still weigh less than average.
A report published in the Journal of Women’s Health proves that banning smoking can have a positive impact on pregnancy. The result was a significant reduction in early birth risk.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a condition that affects the growing
fetus when a pregnant woman consumes alcohol during pregnancy.