Infertility Tests in Men
Male infertility involves about 50% of all infertile couples. The main test for infertility in men is the spermcount also known as sperm analysis which tests the ejaculate for sperm numbers, ejaculate volume, sperm motility, and sperm morphology.
Semen Analysis: This is the basic male fertility test, which determines a man's fertility
If the first analysis is unsatisfactory in terms of sperm number, a second semen analysis taken after a month may be advisable.
Even if your semen analysis shows a deficiency in sperm number (< 10 million / cc) or quality (sub-optimal motility and morphology), you can still proceed with your fertility treatment immediately by using a technique called intra - cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
With ICSI, only one sperm cell is needed to inseminate an egg. So, theoretically, if the female partner produces 5 mature eggs during an IVF cycle, only 5 sperm cells are needed for ICSI.
In many cases, if the semen analysis is poor - especially in younger men doctors advise the patient to see a urologist who can determine if there are conditions that can be treated to improve the semen.