Pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium

Pregnancy 

Pregnancy with abortive outcome

Ectopic pregnancy (Abdominal pregnancy, Cervical pregnancy, Ovarian pregnancy, Interstitial pregnancy Hydatidiform mole · Miscarriage

Edema, proteinuria and hypertensive disorders

Gestational hypertension (Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia, HELLP syndrome)&nb Gestational diabetes

Other, predominantly related to pregnancy

Digestive system Hyperemesis gravidarum · Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy · Acute fatty liver of pregnancy · Hepatitis E Integumentary system/ dermatoses of pregnancy PUPPP · Gestational pemphigoid Impetigo herpetiformis · Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy · Linea nigra · Prurigo gestationis · Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy · Striae gravidarum Nervous system Chorea gravidarum Blood Gestational thrombocytopenia · Pregnancy-induced hypercoagulability

Maternal care related to the fetus and amniotic cavity amniotic fluid (Polyhydramnios, Oligohydramnios) · chorion/amnion (Chorioamnionitis, Chorionic hematoma, Premature rupture of membranes, Amniotic band syndrome, Monoamniotic twins) · placenta (Placenta praevia, Placental abruption, Monochorionic twins, Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, Circumvallate placenta) · Braxton Hicks contractions · Hemorrhage (Antepartum)  Labor Preterm birth · Postmature birth · Cephalopelvic disproportion · Dystocia (Shoulder dystocia) · Fetal distress · Vasa praevia · Uterine rupture · Hemorrhage (Postpartum) · placenta (Placenta accreta) · Umbilical cord prolapse · Amniotic fluid embolism Puerperal Puerperal fever · Peripartum cardiomyopathy · Postpartum thyroiditis · Puerperal mastitis · Breastfeeding difficulties (Agalactia, Galactorrhea) · Postpartum depression · Diastasis symphysis pubis Other Maternal death       Pregnancy and Childbirth Planning Birth control · Pre-conception counseling   Conception Assisted reproductive technology (Artificial insemination, Fertility medication, In vitro fertilisation) · Fertility awareness Testing 3D ultrasound · Home testing · Obstetric ultrasonography · Prenatal diagnosis Prenatal Anatomy Amniotic fluid · Amniotic sac · Endometrium · Placenta Development Fundal height · Gestational age · Human embryogenesis · Maternal physiological changes   Care Nutrition   Procedures Amniocentesis · Chorionic villus sampling   Childbirth Preparation Adaptation to extrauterine life · Bradley method · Hypnobirthing · Lamaze · Nesting instinct   Roles Doula · Midwife · Men’s roles · Obstetrician   Delivery Pelvimetry/Bishop score: Cervical dilation · Cervical effacement · Position Home birth · Natural childbirth · Unassisted childbirth · Water birth Bloody show · Childbirth positions · Contraction · Presentation (Breech, Cephalic, Shoulder) · Rupture of membranes Postpartum Childcare · Congenital disorders · Sex after pregnancy G/P Gravida/para/abortus · TPAL development of fetus First three weeks   Week 1 Fertilization · Egg activation · Zygote · Cleavage · Morula · Blastula (Blastomere) · Blastocyst · Inner cell mass Week 2 (Bilaminar) Hypoblast · Epiblast   Week 3 (Trilaminar)   Germ layers Archenteron/Primitive streak (Primitive pit, Primitive knot/Blastopore, Primitive groove) · Gastrula/Gastrulation · Regional specification Ectoderm Surface ectoderm · Neuroectoderm · Somatopleure · Neurulation · Neural crest Endoderm Splanchnopleure   Mesoderm Chorda- · Paraxial (Somite/Somitomere/Sclerotome/Myotome/Dermatome) · Intermediate · Lateral plate (Intraembryonic coelom, Splanchnopleure/Somatopleure) Extraembryonic/ uterus Trophoblast (Cytotrophoblast, Syncytiotrophoblast) Blastocoele · Yolk sack/exocoelomic cavity · Heuser’s membrane · Extraembryonic coelom · Vitelline duct Umbilical cord (Umbilical artery, Umbilical vein, Wharton’s jelly) · Allantois Placenta · Decidua (Decidual cells) · Chorionic villi/Intervillous space · Gestational sac (Amnion/Amniotic sac/Amniotic cavity, Chorion) Histogenesis Programmed cell death (Apoptosis) · Stem cells · Germ line development Organogenesis Limb development: Limb bud · Apical ectodermal ridge/AER other structures: Eye development · Cutaneous structure development · Heart development · Development of the urinary and reproductive organs (Some dates are approximate—see Carnegie stages and a timeline.) 

 

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