These articles are abstracts and research articles that are from peer-reviewed and other publications and that are usually listed in PubMed, a service of the US National Library of Medicine which provides access to medical and other articles.

Modern Varicocele Repair

Varicocele correction presents a possible method to optimize a couples' reproductive potential or decrease the need for complex assisted reproductive technology. ... read more »

Hysteroscopy Before IVF Treatment

When live birth rates of the control and OH groups were compared, OH group's rate was significantly higher (18.3 vs. 26 %; p > 0.05). 41 % of the patients in the OH group had intrauterine pathologies. ... read more »

French Study: Guidelines for Twin Pregnancies

It is recommended to plan the delivery of uncomplicated dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies from 38 weeks and before 40 weeks. ... read more »

Multiple 8 Compression Suturing in Placenta Accreta

Placenta accreta/percreta is a serious cause of intractable post-partum hemorrhage during cesarean section and a common cause of peripartum hysterectomy.  ... read more »

Multiple Pregnancy Reduction

We found no available data from randomized trials to inform the risks and benefits of pregnancy reduction procedures for women with a multiple pregnancy.  ... read more »

Oxytocin and Slow Labor Process

For women making slow progress in spontaneous labor, treatment with oxytocin as compared with no treatment or delayed oxytocin treatment did not result in any discernable difference in the number of cesarean sections performed. ... read more »

Elective Induction of Labor

Our findings indicate that elective induction of labor at term gestation can reduce perinatal mortality in developed countries without increasing the risk of operative delivery. ... read more »

Quality of Donated Sperm Samples

The rapid deterioration of sperm quality among fertile semen donors is alarming and may lead to cessation of sperm donation programs. ... read more »

Infertility and Risk of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

Based on this meta-analyses of 14 studies, women with a long time to pregnancy (TTP) are at an increased risk of preterm birth: pooled crude odds ratio (OR): 1.38 (95% CI: 1.25-1.54). ... read more »

Labor Induction Can Improve Birth Outcomes

A policy of labour induction compared with expectant management is associated with fewer perinatal deaths and fewer caesarean sections. ... read more »

Folate May Improve Ferility for Premenopausal Women

These findings suggest that a diet high in synthetic folate may be associated with increased progesterone levels and lower risk of sporadic anovulation. Further study of the effect of dietary folate and folic acid supplement use on reproductive health is warranted. ... read more »

Oxytocin Doses for Delayed Labor

Higher dose of oxytocin starting and increment dose (4 mU per minute or more) was associated with a reduction in the length of labour and in caesarean section, and an increase in spontaneous vaginal birth.  ... read more »

Healthy Vaginal Microbiome and Reproductive Health

We are not the only inhabitants of our bodies.  Each adult human body plays host to roughly 10 million microscopic organisms that help maintain health from head to toe.  Those that inhabit the vagina are important for reproductive health, healthy fetal development, and may even influence the child’s risk for eczema and allergies during infancy. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology and Infant Health

Infants of subfertile and artificial reproductive technology (ART)-treated mothers are at greater risk for adverse health outcomes at birth beyond prematurity when compared with infants born to fertile mothers. ... read more »

Pain Management For Women in Labor

Most methods of non-pharmacological pain management are non-invasive and appear to be safe for mother and baby, however, their efficacy is unclear, due to limited high-quality evidence. Only one or two trials provided outcome data for analysis and the overall methodological quality of the trials was low. ... read more »

Single Embryo Transfer After IVF

Live birth following eSET is significantly less expensive than DET in good-prognosis patients. (I-A) Therefore, from a cost-effectiveness perspective, eSET is indicated in good-prognosis patients. (III-A). ... read more »

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises For Urinary Incontinence

Health professionals working with women in the post-partum period should ask about symptoms of incontinence to ensure assistance is offered to those experiencing urinary incontinence  ... read more »

Daily Fiber Intake and Reproductive Function

A diet high in fiber is significantly associated with decreased hormone concentrations and a higher probability of anovulation. Further study of the effect of fiber on reproductive health and of the effect of these intakes in reproductive-aged women is warranted. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology and Body Mass Index

Obesity has a significant negative effect on ART outcomes. Patients with BMI > 30 kg/m(2) have up to 68% lower odds of having a live birth following their first ART cycle compared with women with BMI < 30. ... read more »

Cesarean Section or Vaginal Delivery For Preterm Birth?

There is not enough evidence to evaluate the use of a policy of planned immediate caesarean delivery for preterm babies. Further studies are needed in this area, but recruitment is proving difficult. ... read more »

Preventing Preterm Birth With a Cervical Stitch

Compared with no treatment, cervical cerclage reduces the incidence of preterm birth in women at risk of recurrent preterm birth without statistically significant reduction in perinatal mortality or neonatal morbidity and uncertain long-term impact on the baby. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology, Ovulation Stimulation, and Birth Outcomes

  Singletons of mothers who received ART procedures were more likely to be born with low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age (SGA) than singleton infants conceived without treatment. ... read more »

Antipsychotics During Pregnancy

Exposure to other antipsychotics was associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes (adjusted OR, 1.77 [95% CI, 1.04-3.03]).  ... read more »

Acupuncture, Herbal Medicine, and IVF

The results provided no evidence of benefit in the use of acupuncture during assisted conception. Further studies should attempt to explore the potential placebo, as well as treatment, effects of this complimentary therapy. ... read more »

Single Progesterone Test and Early Pregnancy Outcome

A single progesterone measurement for women in early pregnancy presenting with bleeding or pain and inconclusive ultrasound assessments can rule out a viable pregnancy. ... read more »

Acupuncture and IVF

Currently available literature does not provide sufficient evidence that adjuvant acupuncture improves IVF clinical pregnancy rate. ... read more »

The role of acupuncture in in vitro fertilization

Although acupuncture has gained increasing popularity in the management of subfertility, its effectiveness has remained controversial. ... read more »