These articles are abstracts and research articles that are from peer-reviewed and other publications and that are usually listed in PubMed, a service of the US National Library of Medicine which provides access to medical and other articles.

The Human Microbiome and Pregnancy, Fertility, Infertility

A great deal of study is underway to learn more about the vaginal, gut, and uterine microbiome (collection of bacteria, fungi, yeast, and other microbial inhabitants) in fertility and pregnancy. ... read more »

Pregnancy Myth Quiz

When you are pregnant you need to know many things that you probably have never thought about before. That said, there are numerous pregnancy myths that have been told across generations. ... read more »

Maternal nutrition and perinatal outcomes.

All reproductive age women should take a multivitamin daily. In pregnancy, health care providers need to assess women's diets, give them weight gain recommendations based on their body mass index measurement, and advise them to eat a Mediterranean diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids  ... read more »

Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour

Epidural analgesia appears to be effective in reducing pain during labour. However, women who use this form of pain relief are at increased risk of having an instrumental delivery. ... read more »

Antibiotics for mastitis in breastfeeding women.

Infective mastitis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus Aureus. Incidence of mastitis in breastfeeding women may reach 33%. Effective milk removal, pain medication and antibiotic therapy have been the mainstays of treatment. ... read more »

Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis

Post-surgical administration of Chinese Herbal medicine (CHM)  may have comparable benefits to gestrinone but with fewer side effects. Oral CHM may have a better overall treatment effect than danazol; it may be more effective in relieving dysmenorrhoea and shrinking adnexal masses when used in conjunction with a CHM enema.  ... read more »

Interventions for preventing mastitis after childbirth

Many factors influence a woman's decision to wean; the main reason cited for weaning is associated with lactation complications, such as mastitis. ... read more »

Mechanical methods for induction of labor

Induction of labour using mechanical methods results in similar caesarean section rates as prostaglandins, for a lower risk of hyperstimulation.  ... read more »

Advanced reproductive age and fertility

Pre-conception counselling regarding the risks of pregnancy with advanced maternal age, promotion of optimal health and weight, and screening for concurrent medical conditions such as hypertension and diabetes should be considered for women > age 40.  ... read more »

In vitro fertilization IVF for unexplained subfertility.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Apr 18;4:CD003357. In vitro fertilisation for unexplained subfertility. Pandian Z, Gibreel A, Bhattacharya S. Source ... read more »

Acupuncture for infertility: is it an effective therapy?

Even though a positive effect of acupuncture in infertility has been found, well-designed multi-center, prospective randomized controlled studies are still needed to provide more reliable and valid scientific evidence.  ... read more »

Sperm counts and sperm sex ratio in male infertility patients

As a man's sperm production declines, so does the proportion of Y chromosome-bearing sperm. Thus, a man's reproductive potential may predict his ability to sire male offspring. ... read more »

Varicocele repair for infertility: what is the evidence?

Varicocele repair must be proposed in young adult men with impairment of seminal parameters and not yet interested in pregnancy. Men of infertile couples should be adequately counselled concerning the high possibility of attaining a significant improvement in seminal parameters after varicocele repair.  ... read more »

Management of male-factor infertility.

Smoking cessation should be part of the assisted reproductive techniques treatment plan, the benefit of antioxidant treatment in either smokers or non-smokers undergoing assisted reproductive techniques is still under scrutiny. ... read more »

Effectiveness of Antenatal Breastfeeding Education

It is not appropriate to recommend any antenatal BF education. ... read more »

Prenatal Screening for Fetal Aneuploidy

All pregnant women in Canada, regardless of age, should be offered, through an informed counseling process, the option of a prenatal screening test for the most common clinically significant fetal aneuploidies. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology and Birth Outcomes

Singletons of mothers who received ART procedures were more likely to be born with low birthweight, preterm, and small for gestational age (SGA) than singleton infants conceived without treatment. ... read more »

Modern Varicocele Repair

Varicocele correction presents a possible method to optimize a couples' reproductive potential or decrease the need for complex assisted reproductive technology. ... read more »

Hysteroscopy Before IVF Treatment

When live birth rates of the control and OH groups were compared, OH group's rate was significantly higher (18.3 vs. 26 %; p > 0.05). 41 % of the patients in the OH group had intrauterine pathologies. ... read more »

French Study: Guidelines for Twin Pregnancies

It is recommended to plan the delivery of uncomplicated dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies from 38 weeks and before 40 weeks. ... read more »

Multiple 8 Compression Suturing in Placenta Accreta

Placenta accreta/percreta is a serious cause of intractable post-partum hemorrhage during cesarean section and a common cause of peripartum hysterectomy.  ... read more »

Multiple Pregnancy Reduction

We found no available data from randomized trials to inform the risks and benefits of pregnancy reduction procedures for women with a multiple pregnancy.  ... read more »

Oxytocin and Slow Labor Process

For women making slow progress in spontaneous labor, treatment with oxytocin as compared with no treatment or delayed oxytocin treatment did not result in any discernable difference in the number of cesarean sections performed. ... read more »

Elective Induction of Labor

Our findings indicate that elective induction of labor at term gestation can reduce perinatal mortality in developed countries without increasing the risk of operative delivery. ... read more »

Quality of Donated Sperm Samples

The rapid deterioration of sperm quality among fertile semen donors is alarming and may lead to cessation of sperm donation programs. ... read more »

Labor Induction Can Improve Birth Outcomes

A policy of labour induction compared with expectant management is associated with fewer perinatal deaths and fewer caesarean sections. ... read more »

Folate May Improve Ferility for Premenopausal Women

These findings suggest that a diet high in synthetic folate may be associated with increased progesterone levels and lower risk of sporadic anovulation. Further study of the effect of dietary folate and folic acid supplement use on reproductive health is warranted. ... read more »

Oxytocin Doses for Delayed Labor

Higher dose of oxytocin starting and increment dose (4 mU per minute or more) was associated with a reduction in the length of labour and in caesarean section, and an increase in spontaneous vaginal birth.  ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology and Infant Health

Infants of subfertile and artificial reproductive technology (ART)-treated mothers are at greater risk for adverse health outcomes at birth beyond prematurity when compared with infants born to fertile mothers. ... read more »

Pain Management For Women in Labor

Most methods of non-pharmacological pain management are non-invasive and appear to be safe for mother and baby, however, their efficacy is unclear, due to limited high-quality evidence. Only one or two trials provided outcome data for analysis and the overall methodological quality of the trials was low. ... read more »

Single Embryo Transfer After IVF

Live birth following eSET is significantly less expensive than DET in good-prognosis patients. (I-A) Therefore, from a cost-effectiveness perspective, eSET is indicated in good-prognosis patients. (III-A). ... read more »

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises For Urinary Incontinence

Health professionals working with women in the post-partum period should ask about symptoms of incontinence to ensure assistance is offered to those experiencing urinary incontinence  ... read more »

Daily Fiber Intake and Reproductive Function

A diet high in fiber is significantly associated with decreased hormone concentrations and a higher probability of anovulation. Further study of the effect of fiber on reproductive health and of the effect of these intakes in reproductive-aged women is warranted. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology and Body Mass Index

Obesity has a significant negative effect on ART outcomes. Patients with BMI > 30 kg/m(2) have up to 68% lower odds of having a live birth following their first ART cycle compared with women with BMI < 30. ... read more »

Cesarean Section or Vaginal Delivery For Preterm Birth?

There is not enough evidence to evaluate the use of a policy of planned immediate caesarean delivery for preterm babies. Further studies are needed in this area, but recruitment is proving difficult. ... read more »

Preventing Preterm Birth With a Cervical Stitch

Compared with no treatment, cervical cerclage reduces the incidence of preterm birth in women at risk of recurrent preterm birth without statistically significant reduction in perinatal mortality or neonatal morbidity and uncertain long-term impact on the baby. ... read more »

Antipsychotics During Pregnancy

Exposure to other antipsychotics was associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes (adjusted OR, 1.77 [95% CI, 1.04-3.03]).  ... read more »

Acupuncture, Herbal Medicine, and IVF

The results provided no evidence of benefit in the use of acupuncture during assisted conception. Further studies should attempt to explore the potential placebo, as well as treatment, effects of this complimentary therapy. ... read more »

Single Progesterone Test and Early Pregnancy Outcome

A single progesterone measurement for women in early pregnancy presenting with bleeding or pain and inconclusive ultrasound assessments can rule out a viable pregnancy. ... read more »

Acupuncture and IVF

Currently available literature does not provide sufficient evidence that adjuvant acupuncture improves IVF clinical pregnancy rate. ... read more »

The role of acupuncture in in vitro fertilization

Although acupuncture has gained increasing popularity in the management of subfertility, its effectiveness has remained controversial. ... read more »