A hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus.
A total hysterectomy includes removal of the body of the uterus and the cervix, while a partial hysterectomy includes only removal of the body of the uterus but not the cervix. If the ovaries are also removed during the surgery then a description is added such as bilateral oophorectomy (both ovaries) or left or right oophorectomy if only one side of the ovaries is removed.
A cesarean hysterectomy (complete, partial, with or without oophorectomy) is a hysterectomy done during or shortly after a cesarean section.
Indications for a cesarean hysterectomy include:
- Placenta accreta
- Placenta increta
- Placenta percreta
- Uterine cancer
- Uterine atony
- Bleeding that cannot be stopped with other methods