A hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus.

A total hysterectomy includes removal of the body of the uterus and the cervix, while a partial hysterectomy includes only removal of the body of the uterus but not the cervix.  If the ovaries are also removed during the surgery then a description is added such as bilateral oophorectomy (both ovaries) or left or right oophorectomy if only one side of the ovaries is removed.

A cesarean hysterectomy (complete, partial, with or without oophorectomy) is a hysterectomy done during or shortly after a cesarean section.

Indications for a cesarean hysterectomy include:

  • Placenta accreta
  • Placenta increta
  • Placenta percreta
  • Uterine cancer
  • Uterine atony
  • Bleeding that cannot be stopped with other methods



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