How common is infertility, and how is it diagnosed?
Many couples have trouble getting pregnant and are considered infertile. Many more are subfertile and take longer to get pregnant. The causes of fertility issues are about equally divided between men and women. Many couples don't know whether they are fertile, infertile, or subfertile, or if their difficulty in getting pregnant can be easily treated. There are medical treatments, lifestyle changes, nutritional improvements and other changes that can improve fertility. Getting the right tests, such as a sperm analysis or ovarian reserve testing, can help pinpoint specific problems that can be addressed.
Dr. Amos Grunebaum developed this online female fertility test as a first step to help you quickly find out if you may have fertility problems. It takes less than 3 minutes to complete, it's private, and it's free! Once you get your personalized report, you can make an action plan based on our recommendations. Then take our male fertility test to find out if your partner has fertility problems.
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Primary causes of infertility
While the causes of infertility are varied from couple to couple, there are a few main causes affecting both men and women.
Ovulation issues: If you don't ovulate, you can't get pregnant. Anovulation is the term for not ovulating, and the main causes women do not ovulate are polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), poor egg quality, and advanced maternal age.
Poor quality or quantity of sperm: Male infertility contributes to about half of all infertility. In fact, twenty-five percent of infertility is caused by a lack of sperm, decreased motility (movement), or abnormal morphology (shape).
Fallopian tube dysfunction: Fallopian tubes need to be open to allow the egg to easily move throughout. The most common causes of fallopian tube dysfunction are endometriosis, adhesions, and infections.
Timing sex can improve your chances of getting pregnant
Tracking your menstrual cycle and period helps to identify when you ovulate, which will help you determine your fertile window. This is vital for knowing exactly how to time sex for your most fertile days. Each month, you have 5-6 fertile days: the 4-5 fertile days before ovulation and the day of ovulation.
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