Nigerian researchers recently published a study on vaginal candidiasis in The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal showing a high rate of vaginal candidiasis in women with vaginal infections. Candidiasis infections can increase the likelihood of contracting HIV during unprotected intercourse. Based on the study results, researchers suggest women who are sexually active, pregnant and suffering chronic illness should be regularly screened for vaginal candidiasis. Early detection and early treatment can reduce the likelihood of long-term side effects.

Researchers tested vaginal swabs of 1,000 women with vaginal infections and 1,000 controls. Sixty percent of women in the infection group tested positive for vaginal candidiasis as did 120 women in the control group. Women who were pregnant, between 21 and 30 years old and suffering from chronic illness were more likely to test positive for vaginal candidiasis. Candida albicans was the strain of candidiasis most commonly found.

Source: Nwadioha SI, Nwokedi EO, Egesie J, Enejuo H. Vaginal candidiasis and its risk factors among women attending a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2013 Mar;20(1):20-3.