During World War II, Portugal was under the reign of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar. Though the direct impact of the war was not felt in Portugal as strongly, there was an impact none the less. Portugal claimed to be neutral, but exports from the country were important to German forces. In October 1941, a Portuguese ship was bombed by German forces and another in December. Despite the attacks and a freeze on visas, the Portuguese government continued to allow Jewish people to move into the country to escape persecution. Today, the Jewish population is hard to estimate but numbers range from 1,000 to 8,000 depending on the reporting agencies.

The most common symptoms of a cold in pregnancy are fatigue, sneezing, and coughing. These symptoms can last a few days and up to a week or more. With Jewish Penicillin or chicken soup, women can fight the symptoms of cold in pregnancy and suffer less time.


3 ½ lb roasting chicken, cut up
1 celery stalk, chopped
1 medium onion, chopped
3 cloves garlic, chopped fine
4 sprigs parsley
2 TB lemon zest
4 sprigs mint
Red pepper flakes to taste
3 QTS chicken stock
¼ cup uncooked rice
2 TB fresh lemon juice
¼ cup mint, chopped
Salt to taste
Cayenne pepper to taste


  1. Place a large stockpot over medium heat and add chicken stock.
  2. Add chicken, onion, celery, red pepper flakes, garlic, parsley, lemon zest, mint sprigs.
  3. Bring the stock to a boil.
  4. Skim off foam and reduce heat to a simmer.
  5. Allow cooking at a simmer for one hour.
  6. Remove the chicken from the pot.
  7. Strain the vegetables out of the broth and reserve broth and throw away vegetables.
  8. Add the stock back into the pot and bring to a boil.
  9. Add rice to the broth and cook until tender.
  10. While rice is cooking, remove chicken from the bone and shred.
  11. Add chicken back to the pot with lemon juice and chopped mint.
  12. Cook for three to four minutes.
  13. Serve hot.
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