Q: How do you test ovarian function?

A: As part of evaluating a couple for infertility, many doctors test the ovaries to see if ovulation happens normally. This can be done as follows:

  1. Measuring the basal body temperatures (BBT)
  2. Urinary LH testing
  3. Transvaginal pelvic ultrasounds
  4. Progesterone testing
  5. Blood hormone testing (that is, drawing blood to measure TSH and Prolactin)
  6. Huhner's Test (postcoital test)
  7. Endometrial biopsy
  8. Evaluation of ovarian reserve (either cycle day 3 FSH/Estradiol hormone testing or a clomiphene challenge test)