More than 50 million Americans are affected by allergy problems that include food allergies, seasonal and environmental allergies, asthma, and eczema. When a parent is allergic to something, there’s a good chance his or her children will be allergic to the same substance, too. The findings of a small study conducted by researchers at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis suggest the benefits of allergy shots a woman takes before or during pregnancy might pass along benefits to her baby, too.
The study, led by Dr. Jay Lieberman, involved only 143 mothers. Each was undergoing immunotherapy (allergy shots) before pregnancy or started therapy once becoming pregnant. Lieberman is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Tennessee science center. He claims to be “not surprised” that allergy protection carried over into the babies but “would love better data.”
Lieberman’s findings indicate allergies were:
- 12 percent less likely to develop when moms had allergy shots during pregnancy
- 10 percent less likely when immunotherapy began before pregnancy
When mothers did not receive allergy shots, 62 percent of their children developed allergies. When mothers did undergo immunotherapy, only 52 percent of their children were diagnosed with allergies.
According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI), headquartered in Baltimore, the genetic risk of a child developing allergies is determined by his parents’ allergy status:
- 75 percent more likely to develop allergies if both parents suffer allergies
- 30 to 40 percent when only one parent has allergies
- 15 percent when neither parent suffers allergies
There is no cure for allergies but immunotherapy can alleviate the symptoms, sometimes dramatically. A typical course of immunotherapy involves regular injections for 3-5 years. The injection contains traces of the allergen that stimulate the immune system so that exposure to the allergen causes milder symptoms as time goes by.
Women who become pregnant while undergoing immunotherapy are urged to continue treatment without increasing dosage. According to Lieberman, who would like to see further research involving a larger study group covering a longer period of time, says there seems to be no danger to the developing baby from mom’s allergy shots.
The findings seem to make sense to Dr. David Bernstein, who teaches medicine and environmental health at Ohio’s University of Cincinnati. He feels “the research raises interesting possibilities” and may help explain “why the instances of allergies have increased so dramatically” in recent years.
Source: "Shots During Pregnancy Lower Kids’ Allergy Risk." health24. 11 Nov 2013. Web. Retrieved 20 Nov 2013.