Preeclampsia, is a deadly disease both for mothers and their fetuses. Recently, preclampsia has not only been considered a disease during pregnancy but also a risk factor for developing diseases later in life.
Preeclampsia has become not only a disease that obstetricians and gynecologists are interested in but it halso is becoming a disease of interest to internists.
Women who have had preeclampsia seem to be at higher risk of
- Premature death
- Mortality from ischemic heart disease,
- Cardiovascular diseases including ischemic heart disease and hypertension
- Fatal and non-fatal stroke
- Venous thromboembolism
- Renal failure
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Cognitive defects
Having had preeclampsia is a problem not only for the mother’s future health, but it also affects the offspring’s adult health.
Children born from preeclamptic pregnancies are more prone to:
- Insulin resistance
- Diabetes mellitus
- Neurological problems
- Mental disorders along their life.
Whether preeclampsia is a risk factor for disease later in life or it creates long-term organ damage is an intriguing question.
A study called "Preeclampsia: No longer solely a pregnancy disease" published in the journal Pregnancy Hypertension reviewed what could happen to children born to mothers with preeclampsia.