What is an Intrauterine Device (IUD)?

An Intrauterine Device or IUD is a small  device that is usually made  of flexible plastic. Some of the IUDs have added copper or hormones. Most IUDs are t-shaped thougfh in the past and in other countrfies they may have different shapes.

How is the IUD inserted?

The IUD is usuallyinserted through the vagina and cervix into a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is an effective, long-term birth control method that is reversible. So if you ever do want to become pregnant, the IUD can easily be removed because they are not permanent.

What IUDs are available in the United States?

There are four IUDs available in the United States, one with copper and 3 with hormones:

  1. The copper-bearing IUD
  2. Three levonorgestrel-releasing IUDs (containing a total of either 13.5 mg or 52 mg levonorgestrel).

How many women become pregnant with an IUD?

Fewer than 1 woman out of 100 becomes pregnant in the first year of using IUDs (with typical use). Most IUDs are long-acting, are reversible, and can be used by women of all ages, including adolescents, and by parous and nulliparous women. IUDs do not protect against STDs; consistent and correct use of male latex condoms reduces the risk for STDs, including HIV.

From the CDC