Labor and delivery is both an exciting and scary time for expecting mothers. Therefore, knowing what to expect can give you the knowledge you will need to prepare for this special time.

Does the Hospital Offer Breastfeeding Classes?

Most hospitals offer breastfeeding classes and consultations at the time of birth for mothers interested in learning about breastfeeding methods. Classes are typically held before birth, but a lactation consultant may be available to talk with you after birth. ... read more »

Signs of Labor: Early Symptoms

Are you in the early stages of labor? What are the signs of labor? Labor symptoms may not be exactly the same for all women and knowing if you are in labor is not always easy. ... read more »

Losing Mucus Plug: When Will Labor Start?

Losing your mucus plug and seeing bloody show could mean labor is on the way, but how long will it take until labor starts? And how will you know if you lose your mucus plug? ... read more »

Labor, Delivery, and Birth Guide

Your guide to labor and delivery, anesthesia, delivery options, and more. ... read more »

When Is It Too Late For Pain Medication?

For a pregnant woman who has decided on using pain medication for labor and delivery hearing the words, “It is too late to relieve pain” can be frightening. Why, and more importantly when, is it too late for pain medication during labor and delivery? ... read more »

Why Duchess Meghan May Prefer Pregnancy Care in the U.K.

The world was elated last week when news broke that Duchess Meghan and Prince Harry are expecting their firstborn this spring. While the world is enthralled with Meghan’s pregnancy, the American born Duchess may just prefer the state of labor and delivery in the U.K. over her native U.S. Here's why! ... read more »

How Do You Know You Are In Labor - Early Labor Symptoms and Signs

As the pregnancy comes to an end, there are early labor symptoms and signs that mom will need to look for in order to recognize the beginning of labor. ... read more »

Labor Contractions

Labor contractions are the body's way of saying, 'Let's get ready tohave a baby!' and are caused by hormones in the body. Labor contractions come in three forms: false, practice and activelabor. ... read more »

How Do I Know: True Labor vs False Labor

As the end of your pregnancy approaches, you will notice contractions from time to time. These contractions are often referred to as Braxton Hicks or practice contractions. ... read more »

Cervical Changes in Labor

The cervix is the gateway to baby. During pregnancy, a plug covering the cervix works like a cork holding the umbilical sac and fetus in place in the uterus. As labor approaches, hormonal changes cause the plug to release starting the beginning stages of labor. ... read more »

The Bishop Score - Assessing Success of Induction

Doing the 'Bishop score' will help determine your chances of having a vaginal delivery. ... read more »

Can An Orgasm Induce Labor?

The topic of orgasm during pregnancy is actually quite controversial and in the past, it was thought that orgasms could trigger preterm labor. ... read more »

Umbilical Cord Around The Baby's Neck

It's usually not until the delivery of a healthy baby that the diagnosis of an umbilical cord wrapped around the baby's neck is made; most of the time nobody knew about it before the delivery. ... read more »

Braxton Hicks Contractions And False Labor

Braxton Hicks contractions aka false labor pains are the body's way of preparing for birth. For new moms and seasoned mothers-to-be alike, it can be difficult to know if labor is beginning or not. ... read more »

Your Dad in the Delivery Room - What to Consider

However, some dads are excited by the idea of experiencing the birthing experience with their daughters. Before saying yes or no, think about all aspects of the birthing process and how you truly feel about dad being there. ... read more »

Will I Poop When I Push During Labor and Childbirth?

Women have many concerns during pregnancy is the dreaded fear of pooping while pushing. This is why it is important to understand the facts around this as well as a few tips to help. ... read more »

What is a Birth Plan?

A birth plan is a flexible plan expressing the birth mother's preferences during birth. The plan is not a medical guide or definitive declaration of how the birth will go. ... read more »

What Happens When Dad Doesn't Want to Attend the Delivery?

Not all men are created equal and not all men should be there when the baby is born. There are some very real reasons why a man would want to skip his baby's delivery but there are also some fake fears, if you will, born in the imagination thanks to Hollywood. ... read more »

Labor and Delivery: Natural Delivery

Natural birthing techniques are non-invasive procedures that help women accept pain while in labor. ... read more »

Interventions on Labor & Delivery

Most of the time labor and delivery goes smoothly, but sometimes interventions are necessary to ensure the safety of mother and baby. ... read more »

Doctors Group OKs Warm Water Soak During Labor, Not Delivery

A warm water soak in the early stages of labor are likely to prove beneficial to the mother but they find no evidence that giving birth underwater benefits either mother or baby. ... read more »

First-time Fathers and the Delivery Room

Euphoria, agony, and everything in between. Back and forth, for hours. Those are the emotional memories of ten fathers participating in a Swedish study of first-time fathers in the delivery room. ... read more »

Childbirth: Hypnobirthing

The majority of women hold some sort of fear about the birthing process. That fear can lead to stress and stress leads to tension. Hypnobirthing may help relieve some of the stress and tension. ... read more »

Can My Labor be Photographed or Filmed?

Filming or photographing the birth of your child is an extremely personal choice, but not all hospitals, birthing centers or obstetricians allow YOU to make that choice. ... read more »

5 Ways to Say NO to Your Mother-in-Law in the Delivery Room

You've discussed it with your partner and you both agree that mother-in-law will not be allowed in the delivery room, you may want to think up a few ways to tell her that won't hurt her feelings. ... read more »

Labor And Delivery: Calculators, Timers, And Tools

The Big Day The nine long months of pregnancy all come down to one momentous event: the day you go into labor! You will soon meet that little bundle you have been growing and protecting all this time, and while it is so incredibly exciting, the thought of labor can also be a little intimidating. ... read more »

Operative Procedures: Forceps, Vacuum, Episiotomy

While the female body is perfectly created to give birth to children, there will be times when Mother Nature needs a bit of help. The use of operative procedures during a vaginal delivery is just like giving a little boost to mom's birthing process. ... read more »

Will I Know When My Water Breaks?

Chances are you will know when your water breaks because it will happen in the hospital. Some estimates claim that around 75% of women don't have the Hollywood experience of their water breaking in the middle of dinner with close friends. ... read more »

Do Hospitals Allow Alternative Birthing Choices?

Yes, some hospitals offer alternative birthing choices like water, chair, and squatting births. Other hospitals require women to lay down in a bed and push in a more traditional method. ... read more »

Tips to Naturally Induce Labor

As you near the end of your pregnancy, you may be ready for the entire process of carrying your baby to be over. Several things can be done to induce labor naturally that might make you have contractions and begin labor, but they'll only work if your body is ready! Follow these labor induction tips. ... read more »

Labor and Delivery: Birthing Choices

The traditional birthing choice in the United States involves having a doctor-assisted delivery in a hospital setting. Despite the popularity of the traditional hospital birth, there are other birthing options women may want to consider. ... read more »

Vaginal Delivery and Birth

A vaginal birth remains the number one method for baby delivery, though in many countries cesarean section rates are approaching or even exceeding 50% of deliveries. ... read more »

Is This True Labor Or Braxton Hicks Contractions?

Before "true" labor begins, you may have "false" labor pains, also known as Braxton Hicks contractions. How do you know the difference? Read on! ... read more »

What Is Labor Induction?

Pregnancies don’t always go as planned. There are instances when it is necessary to expedite the birthing process, and it is often done via labor induction. ... read more »

7 Huge Don'ts in the Delivery Room

The delivery room is a wonderful place and horrible place. Before hitting the labor and delivery ward, make a list of rules that everyone needs to follow. ... read more »

Practical Checklist for Labor Day Preparation

Before the time comes to rush off to the hospital, you need to think about preparing for labor, not just packing for your hospital stay. ... read more »

Postdate Pregnancy - Going Past The Due Date

Once you go more than a week or two past your due date, the risk of pregnancy complications increases, both for your baby and for you. ... read more »

Umbilical Cord Blood Gases Normal Values

Normal umbilical cord blood gas values Median (5th-95th percentile): PH: 7.27 (7.12 – 7.35); pO2: 16.3 mmHg (6.2-27.6);  PCO2: 55.1 mmHg (41.9-73.5); Bicarbonate: 24.3 mmol/L (18.8-28.2); Base excess: -3.00 mmol/L (-9.3 to +1.5); Lactate: 3.7 mmol/L (2.0-6.7) ... read more »

Does Sex During Pregnancy Cause Labor?

Sex is often one of the first tactics pregnant moms will use to bring about the start of birth. ... read more »

Premature Labor - Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of premature labor ... read more »

Premature Labor - Risk Factors

The following are risk factors for increased risk of premature labor and premature births. ... read more »

Does Sex Bring On Labor?

It's unlikely that sex is is going to cause you to go into labor. But many doctors tell their pregnant patients to go ahead anyway when they are past their due date. It's worth trying. ... read more »

What Is an Episiotomy?

For decades, episiotomies have been routinely performed to help speed delivery during the pushing phase of labor and to prevent tears to the vagina. ... read more »

Brachial Plexus Injury Shoulder Dystocia Erb's Palsy

A  brachial plexus injury is caused by damage to the brachial plexus nerves. Symptoms may include a limp or paralyzed arm; lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist; and a lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand. ... read more »

Shoulder Dystocia

Shoulder dystocia is an emergency situation during a delivery that occurs when the baby's head has been successfully delivered, but the shoulders appear to be stuck. ... read more »

Giving Birth

It's an amazing experience to bring a baby into the world, so it's normal for pregnant women to look forward to giving birth.  ... read more »

Top Childbirth Fears: Questions and Answers

There are so many worries and concerns when it comes being pregnant, with perhaps the largest surrounding what might potentially happen during labor and delivery. Knowledge is power so we compiled top worries about labor and delivery along with information on how to conquer them! ... read more »

Labor Signs and Symptoms: Diarrhea

As your body gets ready for giving birth, muscles loosen in the entire body, and this includes the muscles that regulate bowel movements. Often, diarrhea can be a sign that baby is on the way! ... read more »

Category 2 Fetal Heart Rate Tracing Algorithm Recommendations No Variability Decelerations 30 minutes

There is no moderate variability and/or no accelerations PLUS There are significant decelerations with >=50% of contractions for >=30 minutes This may be a category 3 fetal heart rate tracing: ... read more »

Category 2 Fetal Heart Rate Tracing Algorithm Moderate Variability Or Accelerations Plus Decels 1+hour

There is moderate variability and/or there are accelerations PLUS There ARE significant decelerations for 1 hour or more   QUESTION:   What is the Labor Phase?   1. LATENT PHASE OF LABOR   ... read more »

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