Reproductive health refers to health issues for everyone including menstruation, contraception, pregnancy, maternal health, child birth, menopause and breast cancer as well as sperm isues. They can also include medical situations in which people face problems not directly related to their biology, for example gender-differentiated access to medical treatment. 

Laparoscopy - What is it?

A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which a telescope is inserted into the abdomen, usually in the area around the belly button, in order to examine the abdominal and/or pelvic organs. ... read more »

What are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids, are growths that originate in or on the uterus, specifically the smooth muscle of the uterus or myometrium. Fibroids typically develop during child-bearing years. ... read more »

Types of Hysterectomy

As with many surgeries, there are varying types of hysterectomies depending on the reason it is being performed. ... read more »

Vaginismus

Vaginismus is an involuntary condition in which the muscles of pelvic floor tighten when intercourse is attempted. ... read more »

Lung Cancer

Exposure to cigarette smoke causes as many as 443,000 deaths in the United States each year; an additional 49,000 lung-cancer deaths are caused by secondhand exposure. ... read more »

Birth Control for Cancer Prevention

The risk of developing certain forms of cancer can be decreased by using hormonal birth control. ... read more »

Toxic Shock Syndrome

While uncommon, toxic shock syndrome is a life-threatening condition caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus aureus and group A streptococcus (streptococcus pyogenes). ... read more »

Multiple Sclerosis

MS is an autoimmune disease, causing the immune system to attack one’s own healthy body tissue just as the immune system does when it works to destroy foreign invaders such as bacteria and viruses. ... read more »

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are common among women during reproductive years. Many women have fibroids, but location, growth pattern and size determine whether or not symptoms develop. ... read more »

Fibromyalgia

The pain of FM is often described as an aching or throbbing pain deep in the muscles. Sometimes the pain is said to be an intense burning sensation or a stabbing or shooting pain. ... read more »

Post-Menopausal Bleeding

With the most common cause of postmenopausal bleeding being vaginal or endometrial atrophy, there is always a concern of the presence of endometrial cancer, as 10% of women with PMB have the disease. ... read more »

BRCA Mutation

BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are not gender specific and can affect both men and women. A genetic counselor can discuss with you your individual risks and recommend certain methods of genetic testing. ... read more »

What is Colposcopy and Why is it Used?

A colposcopy procedure is performed by your healthcare provider as a tool to evaluate your cervix, vagina and/or vulva for abnormal findings. ... read more »

Cholesterol and Health

Cholesterol is so important to the life of an animal that it is made in every organ system and used in every cell; it only becomes a problem when too much of it is consumed via animal-rich diet. ... read more »

Endometrial Hyperplasia

Endometrial hyperplasia is the thickening of the uterine endometrium (lining of the uterus). ... read more »

Why Does PCOS Cause Menstrual Cycle Issues?

The ovaries are two small organs, one on each side of a woman's uterus. A woman's ovaries have follicles, which are tiny sacs filled with liquid that hold the eggs. These sacs are also called cysts. ... read more »

What if I Become Pregnant With Fibroids?

Fibroids result from the growth of genetically altered uterine cells. The cells divide over and over again until a rubbery mass forms. The mass can be small; undetectable during a normal pelvic exam. ... read more »

What are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

Many women have only a few and others have many symptoms. These are some of the symptoms of PCOS. ... read more »

What Tests are Used to Diagnose Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam - possibly including an ultrasound, check your hormone levels, and measure glucose, or sugar levels, in the blood. ... read more »

How is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treated?

Because there is no cure for PCOS, it needs to be managed to prevent problems. Treatments are based on the symptoms each patient is having and whether she wants to conceive or needs contraception. ... read more »

How Does Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Affect a Pregnant Woman?

There appears to be a higher rate of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, and premature delivery in women with PCOS. ... read more »

What Causes Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

No one knows the exact cause of PCOS. Women with PCOS frequently have a mother or sister with PCOS. But there is not yet enough evidence to say there is a genetic link to this disorder. ... read more »

Medical Therapy in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

PCOS is characterized by oligo-amenorrhea, clinical and/or biochemical hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and, often, morbid obesity. ... read more »

Brown Vaginal Discharge - What Does It Mean?

Brown vaginal discharge can be a cause for concern as it may indicate a pregnancy and an early miscarriage or other issues such as infection or hormonal problems. ... read more »

Infrequent Very Light menstrual Period Menstruation

Oligomenorrhea literally "not enough menstrual periods" are menstrual periods or menstrual bleeding that is infrequent or that is associated with very light menstrual bleeding. A woman who has oligomenorrhea has less than 10-12 menstrual periods a year, usually between four and nine periods a year and menstrual cycles that last over 35-40 days. ... read more »

Vaginal Itching: Vulvovaginitis

Vaginal itching is of a symptom associated with vulvovaginitis which affects women in every age group. ... read more »

Uterine Fibroids - Leiomyoma Uteri

Fibroids, or uterine fibroids, are growths that originate in or on the uterus, specifically the smooth muscle of the uterus or myometrium. Fibroids typically develop during child-bearing years with up to 75% of women suffering from the growths during their lifetime. ... read more »

The Story Of Menstruation

Walt Disney made a movie about menstruation. In 1946, Disney released "The Story Of Menstruation" as an educational aid for sex ed classes. ... read more »

Hot Flashes

The term hot flash is one most women in menopause are familiar with. Hot flashes are characterized by a sudden rise in body heat focused on the upper half of the body. Racing heart beat, sweating, and nausea are also common symptoms associated with the typical menopause hot flash. ... read more »

Menopause Alternative Treatments – 5 You Need to Know

At the end of a woman's reproductive life, there is menopause. By the time women enter their menopause years, most are finished having children and many have grandchildren running around. Natural menopause gradually reduces estrogen, progesterone, and other female hormone levels in the body. ... read more »

Hormone Replacement Therapy

When women think about hormone replacement therapy (HRT), they may immediately imagine pills taken every morning to curb the worst menopause symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy is available in forms other than pills. ... read more »

Complementary and Alternative Therapies For Hypothyroid

People diagnosed with hypothyroidism need medical treatment, but nutrition and herbs can help support conventional treatment. ... read more »

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