What is mental health?
Your mental health is an important part of your overall health and includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Mental health affects how we think, feel, and act and it helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important not only during pregnancy but at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.
What are early warning signs of possible mental health issues?
Not sure if you or someone you know is living with mental health problems? Experiencing one or more of the following feelings or behaviors can be an early warning sign of a problem (From MentalHealth.gov):
- Eating or sleeping too much or too little
- Pulling away from people and usual activities
- Having low or no energy
- Feeling numb or like nothing matters
- Having unexplained aches and pains
- Feeling helpless or hopeless
- Smoking, drinking, or using drugs more than usual
- Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, on edge, angry, upset, worried, or scared
- Yelling or fighting with family and friends
- Experiencing severe mood swings that cause problems in relationships
- Having persistent thoughts and memories you can't get out of your head
- Hearing voices or believing things that are not true
- Thinking of harming yourself or others
- Inability to perform daily tasks like taking care of your kids or getting to work or school
What is a mental disorder or mental illness?
A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development of a person's culture. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain or the rest of the nervous system, often in a social context.
How common are mental disorders in pregnancy?
Psychiatric or mental disorders are not unusual in women of reproductive age but not increased because of pregnancy. Pregnancy per se is not associated with an increased risk of the most prevalent mental disorders, although the risk of major depressive disorder may be increased during the postpartum period. In one study, the prevalence of major depressive episodes (MDE) was 12.4% or 1 in 8 pregnant women.
Can mental health issues be treated in pregnancy?
Most mental health issues can be treated successfully and safely in pregnancy. Your doctor can make a diagnosis and treat you effectively most often with medications. If you are effectively being treated prior to pregnancy, you should not stop your medication without first talking to your doctors. Stopping a medication you need just because you are pregnant and without your doctor's approval may worsen your condition to a point which can be harmful to you or the baby.
- Depression and Pregnancy
- Managing Depression During Pregnancy
- Recognizing and Treating Peripartum Depression
- Antidepressants and Pregnancy
- Bipolar Disorder and Pregnancy
- Drugs and Pregnancy
- Untreated Depression During Pregnancy
- Eating Disorders and Pregnancy
- Anxiety Disorders and Pregnancy
- Psychotic Disorders and Pregnancy
- Neonatal Outcome Studies