Possible Treatment Breakthrough: Fragile X Syndrome

Previous medical research has pinpointed the part of the cell affected by FXS but a new study reveals how the problem occurs. ... read more »

Human Genome Project: Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications

The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) program was founded in 1990 as an integral part of the Human Genome Project. ... read more »

What Was the Human Genome Project?

The Human Genome Project was an international research effort to determine the sequence of the human genome and identify the genes that it contains. The Project was coordinated by the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Energy. ... read more »

How Is a Genetic Condition Inherited?

Some genetic conditions are caused by mutations in a single gene. These conditions are usually inherited in one of several straightforward patterns, depending on the gene involved. ... read more »

The Likelihood of Genetic Disorders

When a genetic disorder is diagnosed in a family, family members often want to know the likelihood that they or their children will develop the condition. ... read more »

Paternity Test During Pregnancy

If you have any questions about who your baby's father is then the most reliable paternity test method is testing for DNA, and it can be done before the baby is born! ... read more »

Customizing Genes Through Designer Sperm

Scientists have brought us a step closer to stopping genetic diseases before they pass from one generation to the next. ... read more »

Genomic Research

Genomic Research ... read more »

How Do Genes Direct the Production of Proteins?

Most genes contain the information needed to make functional molecules called proteins. (A few genes produce other molecules that help the cell assemble proteins.) The journey from gene to protein is complex and tightly controlled within each cell. ... read more »

Common Genetic Conditions Due to Ethnicity

Some genetic disorders are more likely to occur among people who trace their ancestry to a particular geographic area. People in an ethnic group often share certain versions of their genes, which have been passed down from common ancestors. ... read more »

What Do Statistics Reveal About Genetic Conditions?

Statistical data can provide general information about how common a condition is, how many people have the condition, or how likely it is that a person will develop the condition. Statistics are not personalized, however, they offer estimates based on groups of people. ... read more »

How Chromosome Structure Affects Health and Development

Changes that affect the structure of chromosomes can cause problems with growth, development, and function of the body's systems. These changes can affect many genes along the chromosome and disrupt the proteins made from those genes. ... read more »

How Mitochondrial DNA Affects Health and Development

Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Although most DNA is packaged in chromosomes within the nucleus, mitochondria also have a small amount of their own DNA. ... read more »

Can Number of Genes Affect Health and Development?

People have two copies of most genes, one copy inherited from each parent. In some cases, however, the number of copies varies'meaning that a person can be born with one, three, or more copies of particular genes. ... read more »

Reversing Damaged Eggs Due to Cancer Treatments

Researchers at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, have found a way to reverse the damage done to the immature eggs (oocytes) of female mice exposed to radiation. ... read more »

The Effect of Cryopreservation on Sperm

The process of cryopreservation allows human sperm carrying DNA to be frozen in time until the sperm is ready for use. Protecting the integrity of sperm and DNA is important to the success of fertility treatments. ... read more »

Prenatal Testing for Down Syndrome

Around 11-13 weeks of the pregnancy, screening for Down syndrome is usually offered to all pregnant women. The test is known as the "first trimester screen" or nuchal translucency test. ... read more »

Blood Test for Pregnant Women Shows RNA Activity in Fetus

Researchers at Stanford University in California have developed a test that uses a small sample of a pregnant woman's blood to monitor the RNA activity of a fetus throughout pregnancy. ... read more »

Cervicovaginal Microbiota Predicts Preterm Birth Risks

Researchers in Philadelphia report they may have found a way to pinpoint the risk of preterm delivery as early as the second trimester. ... read more »

Effects of Steroids on Genome Expression of Preterm Infants

Steroids are prescribed to some women during pregnancy to treat potential preterm delivery. Researchers from the University of Oslo in Norway recently published a study spanning two years on the possible short and long-term side effects on genome expression. ... read more »

Genetic Testing to Prevent Fatal Brain Disease in Children

A 27-year-old woman wanted to have children but she did not want her children to live as she does, knowing she is genetically inclined to develop a very rare crippling brain disease. ... read more »

Third-Hand Smoke: DNA Damage Risk for Infants and Toddlers

Third-hand smoke, the gunk that settles on floors, furniture, draperies, and even kids' toys, has the potential to damage DNA. ... read more »

Should Newborn Screening Protocols Include Genome Sequencing?

Researchers at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, question the value of including genome sequencing to the standard regimen of tests given to newborn babies. ... read more »

Where Can I Get DNA Paternity Testing?

There are two methods of DNA paternity testing - the doctor initiated paternity test and the home paternity test. ... read more »

How Much Does Paternity Testing Cost?

The cost of the paternity test will vary depending on the state where the test is run and the situation surrounding the paternity test. ... read more »

How Accurate is Paternity Testing?

Paternity testing is used to establish the biological paternal parent of a child. The paternity testing, like any other test, is close to 100% accurate but not completely 100%. ... read more »

Low Sperm Count

Can low sperm count be improved? One study says yes! ... read more »

1 in 6 Kids Suffers Neurodevelopmental Disorder

One in six American children suffers from a neurodevelopmental disorder, including but not limited to, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders ASD), or delays in speech and language. ... read more »

What is the Cost and How Long is the Genetic Testing?

The cost of genetic testing can range from under $100 to more than $2,000, depending on the nature and complexity of the test. ... read more »

Can Changes in Chromosomes Affect Health and Development?

Human cells normally contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46chromosomes in each cell. A change in the number of chromosomes can cause problems with growth, development, and function of the body's systems. ... read more »

Healthy DNA Delay Menopause Extend Fertile Years

An extensive international study found that how the body handles DNA repair throughout a lifetime affects the timing of fertility decline and the onset of menopause. ... read more »

Paternity Test and DNA Testing During Pregnancy

Noninvasive Prenatal Paternity NIPP Testing can be done during pregnancy to establish biological paternity, to determine who the father of a person is. ... read more »

Fetus Predetermined to Suffer Obesity or Heart Disease

Researchers at the Warwick Medical School have revealed a connection between life in the womb and obesity after birth. Healthier eating habits and regular vitamin intake may help reduce the risk of obesity late in life, according to the study. ... read more »

Dad’s Biological Clock Just as Important as Mom’s

A major study that compared the psychiatric health and academicachievement of siblings gives strong support to the theory that dad'sbiological clock exists and may be just as important as mom's. ... read more »

Study Explains How Egg Captures Sperm

Scientists have discovered precisely how the human egg cells capture sperm to start the process of fertilization. ... read more »

Emerging 3-Parent IVF May be Harmful to Baby

About one person in every 4,000 is affected with a mitochondrialdisease, passed down through the mother's bloodline. Symptoms, including minor learning disabilities, can be mild but they can be tragicallysevere, too. ... read more »

New Method Could Double IVF Success Rates

About one in 15 couples worldwide are unable to have children after at least a year of trying, but new research promises to double the success rate of one type of fertility treatment. ... read more »

Male DNA Found in Female Brains

When a woman becomes pregnant with a male child some of his DNA is left behind in her brain. Researchers call this microchimerism. ... read more »

DNA Methylation and Spontaneous Abortion After ART

At the Center for Reproductive Medicine at Nanfang Hospital in the People's Republic of China, researchers believed there was a possible link between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and spontaneous abortion caused by improper DNA methylation. ... read more »

Chinese May Have New Answer to Genetic Testing

Testing for potential genetic problems typically requires piercing the abdomen and amniotic sac to collect a tissue sample from the fetus. Researchers in China may have found an alternative to invasive prenatal testing. ... read more »

Can a Paternity Test be Faked?

There are very few ways for a paternity test to be faked. If the blood or saliva is taken at the DNA testing facility, the results will be accurate. ... read more »

Paternity Testing and Cord Blood

In cases where paternity testing needs to be completed as soon after birth as possible, the umbilical cord blood can be used in blood DNA paternity testing. ... read more »

Sex and the Five Trimesters of Pregnancy

There are five distinct three-month periods trimesters associated with pregnancy and each one affects your sex life in distinctly different ways ... read more »

What Can be Used to Test Paternity?

While the cheek swab is the most common method to test paternity, any bodily fluid that contains DNA or cells can be used for the test. ... read more »

What Is A Gene Mutation and How Do They Happen?

How does a gene mutation happen? Are gene mutations rare? ... read more »

A Healthier Human Race with Spindle Transfer

During spindle transfer, the female chromosomes are separated from the unhealthy mitochondrial DNA. A healthy set of twin monkeys with healthy DNA and no genetic diseases was conceived after this procedure. ... read more »

UK Invites Public Comments on Proposed Three-Person IVF Law

The United Kingdom is deciding whether or not to add legal provisions to national law that will allow a new form of in vitro fertilization (IVF) to become a standard option for infertility treatments. ... read more »

Fetal DNA Pulled from Mom’s Blood

According to a study published in the journal Nature, mom's blood may hold the key to DNA and genetic testing. This study could be the first step in making genetic testing a part of prenatal care for all women. ... read more »

What is Pharmacogenomics?

This relatively new field combines pharmacology (the science of drugs)and genomics (the study of genes and their functions) to developeffective, safe medications and doses that will be tailored to aperson's genetic makeup. ... read more »

What are the Types of Genetic Tests?

Genetic testing can provide information about a person's genes and chromosomes. ... read more »

Pages