Estrogen, the hormone most closely associated with women, actually represents several specialized female hormones that play various roles at various stages throughout a woman’s life. ... more »

    Hormones Impact Stress, Memories, Understanding Social Cues

    New research shows an unexpected link between sex hormones and cognitive function, such as memory and interpreting social cues, in females. ... more »

    Pregnancy Glow: Polish it to Perfection

    Some expectant mothers are so focused on their growing tummies that ittakes someone else to point out that pregnancy glow that radiates fromthem during this important time of life. It's more than joy andhappiness that paints the picture of health on mothers-to-be. ... more »

    Saliva Ferning Test for Ovulation Prediction

    A ferning test uses a tiny microscope to view a drop of saliva once a day from the last day of a woman's period until a fern-like pattern appears in the saliva. ... more »

    Common Postpartum Problems: Uterine, Bladder and Rectum Prolapse

    Uterine, bladder, and rectum prolapse can happen after a woman has a baby. Women who have multiple vaginal births are at higher risk for developing these conditions, especially after menopause. ... more »

    Are BRCA 1/2 Mutations Associated with Early Onset Menopause?

    Researchers from the Department of Obstetrics at UC San Francisco recently published a study testing a possible connection between BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 mutations and early onset menopause. ... more »

    Sexual Motivation Linked to Estrogen Levels in Women

    A new study published in Hormones and Behavior from researchersat the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences in Santa Barbaraclaims elevated estrogen levels could spark increased desire for sexualbehavior ' or that feeling of wanting to get frisky. ... more »

    Does Hair Get Thicker During Pregnancy?

    Hormonal change is responsible for changes in everything from muscle tension to hair growth. During a normal month, estrogen levels rise and fall, but after pregnancy estrogen levels remain elevated for the duration of pregnancy. ... more »

    Hair Loss and Pregnancy

    Pregnancy is one of the few times in life when hair growth is sustained for around nine months. Normal hair growth cycles follow a 90/10 ratio. About 90% of the hair follicles are in the growing state at any given time. ... more »

    Effect of Sporadic Anovulation on Ovulatory Hormone Levels

    Researchers from the Eunice Shriver Kennedy National Institute of Child Health and Human Development recently published a study on hormone levels in women experiencing anovulation. The study was published in the journal Human Reproduction. ... more »

    Estrogen Levels May Indicate IVF Complication

    Fertility and Sterility, estrogen levels at the time of embryo implantation via in-vitro fertilization (IVF) may be associated with increased risk of preeclampsia ... more »

    Choosing the Right Combination Birth Control Pill

    Combination birth control pills contain both progestin and estrogen. There are various types of progestin used in combination birth control pills giving women a wide selection. ... more »

    Bad Breath Can Make Your Pregnancy Stink

    Bad breath is one of the many pregnancy symptoms caused partly by the raging hormones coursing through your system as your baby develops. The changing levels of estrogen and progesterone increase dental plaque, which causes bad breath.  ... more »

    The Menstrual Cycle

    It is important to understand the menstrual cycle in order to know what is normal and be able to identify when you may have an issue. ... more »

    How Many Days in a Row is it OK to Miss the Pill?

    It is rarely OK to miss the birth control pill. It is common to occasionally miss one or two days of your pill in a row, but more than that may reduce the effectiveness of the pill and increase your risk of pregnancy. ... more »

    How Does the Birth Control Pill Work?

    Birth control pills typically contain a combination of progesterone and estrogen ' reproductive hormones. ... more »

    Do I Ovulate When on the Pill?

    The way most birth control pills work is by preventing ovulation. Birth control pills are formulated with a combination of estrogen and progesterone or progesterone only. During a normal fertility cycle, estrogen peaks at the middle signaling the pituitary gland to release hormones that tell the ovaries to mature and release an egg. ... more »

    The Effects of Stress on Your Reproductive Health and Fertility

    Stress is one of nature's contraceptives and can have a dramatic effect on healthy reproduction. The major stress hormone, cortisol, is derived from progesterone. ... more »

    Estradiol (Serum) During Pregnancy

    Estradiol, or estrogen, is a female reproductive hormone. The hormone is found in both men and women. Estrogen plays a part in mood stabilization, temperature control and other body functions. ... more »

    Do I Have too Much Estrogen to Conceive?

    With fast food restaurants around every turn and a steady raise in obesity rates, many men carrying around a little extra weight. That extra weight can collect in the chest causing what men affectionately call man boobs. ... more »

    Infant Size Contributes to Breast Cancer Risk

    The connection between infant weight and risk of breast cancer has been studied before, but this is the first time birth weight has been reported as an individual risk factor independent of other factors. ... more »

    The Great Soy Debate – Will Soy Reduce Male Fertility?

    Soy is one of those topics of interest that just doesn't disappear. Whether you’re a woman who wants to reduce her risk of breast cancer or a man who wants to increase fertility, soy will eventually come into the picture. ... more »

    The Link Between Oral Contraceptives and Prostate Cancer

    Researchers have published their findings in BMJ Open linking prostate cancer with the use of oral contraceptives, such as birth control pills. ... more »

    DES Still Impacting Women of the World

    DES or diethylstilbestrol was given to women for more than three decades. The synthetic estrogen was prescribed to pregnant women as a means of preventing miscarriage, but the drug caused vaginal tumors, so the Food and Drug Administration pulled it from the market in 1971. ... more »

    Ring Finger Length May Provide Insight for Future Health Problems

    For ages, the length of the ring finger has been the topic of medical attention, but ring finger length is mentioned in history far before modern medicine. Culturally, men with longer ring fingers were considered more fertile and thus more sought after as life-long mates. ... more »

    What Can I Expect During My Pregnancy?

    Many women wonder what they can expect during pregnancy. This is especially true of first-time mothers. Changes during pregnancy are physical and emotional. ... more »

    What Happens in the First Trimester of Pregnancy?

    Understanding what happens in the body during the first trimester of pregnancy is important as some changes may not feel the way a pregnant woman expected. ... more »

    Life and Pregnancy After Miscarriage

    After miscarriage, many women have a long list of questions about physical health, mental health and parenthood. Understanding changes after miscarriage is often enough to put your mind at ease. ... more »

    What Happens After Ovulation?

    As the egg is maturing, estrogen levels rise causing the luteinizing hormone to increase. The luteinizing hormone forces the egg out of the follicle where maturation occurs. ... more »

    Concerns About Pregnancy Discharge

    Pregnancy discharge is a common symptom of pregnancy related to hormonal changes. The type of pregnancy discharge means the difference between normal secretions and potential infection. ... more »

    What are the Most Common Types of Pains During Pregnancy?

    The pain associated with pregnancy changes can often be scary and confusing. What are the most common types of pains during pregnancy? ... more »

    3 Important Physical Ovulation Symptoms

    Many women use the physical ovulation symptoms their body displays to predict when they are most fertile in order to increase the chance of conception, or in order to prevent pregnancy. ... more »

    Morning Sickness

    Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting can be among the first pregnancy symptoms and signs beginning around 4 weeks to 6 weeks gestation. ... more »

    Early Menopause

    Women live life expecting menopause will hit in their late early to late 50s. While this is a common rule of thumb, every rule is made to be broken. ... more »

    Breast Changes and Pain

    From the first weeks after conception, women often complain about breast tenderness and pain. In the beginning, the pain can be attributed to the sudden increase in progesterone and estrogen. ... more »

    Metallic Taste (Dysgeusia) During Pregnancy

    Hormone changes affect a woman's sense of smell, so why would the sense of taste not be affected as well? Estrogen fluctuates widely during pregnancy, which could mean a nasty metallic taste in the mouth, also known as dysgeusia. ... more »


    Headaches and migraines are completely different creatures of pain. Migraines cause extreme head pains and can leave moms-to-be writhing in the dark. While hormones are thought to be part of the cause, there are other causes for migraines as well. ... more »

    Your Fertility Window

    The "Fertile Window" has been defined as the days of the menstrual cycle during which intercourse is most likely to result in pregnancy. ... more »

    Breast Tenderness and Menopause

    Breast pain and tenderness after ovulationis due to an increase of the hormone progesterone. Breast tenderness during menopause is due to a hormone imbalance. ... more »

    Migraine Medication In Pregnancy

    Many experts caution pregnant women from taking unneccessary medications (especially strong pharmaceutical products) when they are pregnant, for fear of causing defects in the developing fetus. ... more »

    Cervix Soft and High After Ovulation

    Am I still fertile if my cervix is soft and high after ovulation? ... more »

    Can Female Orgasm Cause Ovulation?

    Myth: Female orgasm can cause ovulation to occur. ... more »

    Clomid-What is it?

    Clomid is a synthetic chemical whose chemical name is Clomiphene citrate. It induces ovulation by fooling your body into believing that there is less estrogen. ... more »

    Fertility Microscope Interferences

    What interferes with the results of the fertility microscope? ... more »

    Estrogen Surge/Spike

    What is an estrogen surge/spike? ... more »

    BBT or EWCM?

    Which is a more accurate indication of ovulation, basal body temperature (BBT) or egg-white cervical mucus (EWCM)? ... more »

    Cervical Mucus, Implantation, and Pregnancy

    Can I find out if I am pregnant from my cervical mucus (CM)? ... more »

    Is Fennel Safe In Pregnancy?

    Fennel refers to a flavoring obtained from the fruit of Foeniculum vulgare. Fennel oil is used in perfumes. ... more »