Infections happen when the body is invaded by microorganisms like bacteria and viruses. In pregnancy, infections are especially of concern because they may affect both the mother and the fetus.

Coronavirus COVID-19 and Pregnancy

All you need to know about COVID-19 and pregnancy ... read more »

How Is Coronavirus Transmitted?

Coronavirus often affects the respiratory tract leading to lung infection (pneumonia). It can be spread from person-to-person, mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. ... read more »

During COVID-19 Crisis: Is Home Birth Better Than Hospital Birth?

Even now: Home birth is not safer than hospital birth. ... read more »

Coronavirus: Separating Fact from Fiction

It’s difficult to keep up with the ever-changing news cycle on the Coronavirus outbreak. Everyone seems to have an opinion on what is the best course of action to take to protect yourself, your family and your community. Here are some of the top questions concerning the Coronavirus: ... read more »

Are Pregnant Women at Higher Risk of Contracting Coronavirus?

There is very little information regarding pregnancy outcomes and Coronavirus so far. If you’re pregnant, you have many questions about how to stay safe and keep your baby protected. Here are the answers to the common question surrounding pregnancy and the Coronavirus: ... read more »

What is COVID-19 (2019-Novel Coronavirus)?

This is the most recent coronavirus which was reported on January 9, 2020 by the World Health Organization and identified by Chinese authorities. The virus is associated with an outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. ... read more »

QA Questions and Answers about Zika Virus and Pregnancy

We expect that the course of Zika virus disease is similar to that in the general population. No evidence exists to suggest that pregnant women are more susceptible or experience more severe disease during pregnancy. It is not known if pregnant women are more susceptible to Guillain-Barré syndrome. ... read more »

Yeast Infections and Pregnancy

Yeast infections are more common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes, specifically increased estrogen which sparks glycogen production. ... read more »

Gardnerella Vaginalis BV During Pregnancy

Gardnerella Vaginalis (also sometimes called BV) is an infection of the female genital tract by bacteria of the Gardnerella vaginalis strain, often in combination with various anaerobic bacteria. ... read more »

Hepatitis B and Pregnancy

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Five main types of the hepatitis virus have been identified. The most common type that occurs during pregnancy is hepatitis B (HBV). ... read more »

Group B Strep - GBS

Group B Strep (GBS) is a bacteria that can be found in the bowels, vagina, bladder, or throat, and commonly without any symptoms. About one in four pregnant women normally carry Group B Strep (GBS) in their vaginas. ... read more »

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection

CMV stands for Cytomegalovirus, which is a DNA herpesvirus that infects up to 85% of all people in the United States at some point in their lives. ... read more »

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the name of a condition in women where the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted and replaced by an overgrowth of certain bacteria. ... read more »

Trichomoniasis During Pregnancy

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease. When a pregnant woman is infected with trich, she may be at increased risk of problems during pregnancy such as early delivery. ... read more »

Syphilis During Pregnancy

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. Due to the increased risk of pregnancy complications, women are typically screened for syphilis during prenatal testing. ... read more »

HPV Human Papilloma Virus Infection

Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) and most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it. ... read more »

Gonorrhea During Pregnancy

Gonorrhea is a serious bacterial infection that may be passed from one partner to another during sexual contact. Sexual contact includes oral, anal and genital sex. ... read more »

Chlamydia During Pregnancy

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. The risk of passing chlamydia to an infant when the infant comes in contact with the birth canal is about 20- to 40-percent. ... read more »

Zika Virus

Being infection with the Zika virus during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. If you are traveling, please take precautions. ... read more »

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

An STD occurs when an infection is transmitted during sex, although it may not be exclusively during sex since some infections are transmitted through touching or kissing. ... read more »

Hepatitis A and Pregnancy

Hepatitis A (HAV) is a viral infection of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Other viral liver infections are caused by hepatits B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses. There is an increased risk of premature delivery if you become infected with HBV during pregnancy. ... read more »

Alleviating Cold and Flu Symptoms in Pregnancy

Cough, cold and flu symptoms are common in pregnancy. Can you take cold medicine to help alleviate symptoms or should you just tough it out? Which medications should you avoid? ... read more »

Can I Pass Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) to my Unborn Baby?

I contracted genital warts from my previous boyfriend and now I want a baby. Should we start using condoms every time we have sex and try to adopt? ... read more »

Campylobacter Infection During Pregnancy

Campylobacter bacteria infections during pregnancy, infections with an organism called campylobacter jejuni, are the number one cause of foodborne gastroenteritis, aka food poisoning in the United States and other developed countries.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO) ... read more »

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection and Pregnancy

RSV infects the breathing passages and lungs in small children and infants. Since infants and small children have not yet built up enough immunity the condition may worsen and lead to other illnesses. ... read more »

Reye's Syndrome

Reye's Syndrome is not an infection; rather, it is an illness that affects some children after a viral infection. Clinical studies have linked Reye's Syndrome with aspirin. ... read more »

Ciguatera Fish Poisoning and Pregnancy

Ciguatera fish poisoning is among the most common reasons for fish poisoning around the world but how could it affect your pregnancy? ... read more »

Norovirus and pregnancy

What is Norovirus?   In the United States, Norovirus is the most frequently reported cause of foodborne related outbreaks. Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea. Anyone can get infected and sick with norovirus. You can get norovirus from: ... read more »

Salmonella Infection During Pregnancy

Recently, Salmonella was found in a common cereal. There’s a good chance someone you know personally has had salmonella. I know two people who got salmonella in the same house at the same time once. ... read more »

Listeria or Listeriosis and Pregnancy

What is listeria? Listeria is a bacterium (Listeria monocytogenes) that is common in the environment. It is carried by many farm animals and pets. You can be infected by listeria if you eat contaminated food. Some foods are riskier than others – the riskiest are those eaten raw or inadequately cooked. ... read more »

What Is Toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosis is an infection that is caused by contact with a microscopic parasitic organism called Toxoplasma gondii. When contracted by a pregnant woman, it can pose a serious risk to her baby. ... read more »

Pregnancy Chickenpox and Shingles

If you develop shingles while you are pregnant, your baby will not be affected. This is because your body already contains the necessary antibodies to protect your baby from the virus. ... read more »

Viral Diseases and Pregnancy

Viral infections in pregnancy such as HIV, CMV, or parvovirus are major causes of newborn, mother and fetal diseases. ... read more »

Hepatitis Tests During Pregnancy

Hepatitis B infection in pregnancy can be dangerous because the virus can be transmitted to the baby ... read more »

Hepatitis E HEV And Pregnancy

Hepatitis E is a disease caused by the hepatitis E virus HEV which is a non-enveloped, positive sense, single-stranded ribonucleic RNA virus. ... read more »

Rubella Infection Symptoms

What are the symptoms of a rubella infection? ... read more »

Ebola and Pregnancy

Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus strains. Ebola can cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees). ... read more »

Scabies In Pregnancy

  Scabies (say: skay-beez) is an itchy skin condition caused by teeny, tiny mites that dig tunnels underneath the skin's surface. ... read more »

Toxoplasmosis and Pregnancy

How do I get infected with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy? ... read more »

Parvovirus Fifth Virus During Pregnancy

Parvovirus B19 is a virus that commonly infects humans; about 50% of all adults have been infected sometime during childhood or adolescence. Parvovirus B19 infects only humans. ... read more »

Toxoplasmosis Prevention

How to prevent toxoplamosis. ... read more »

Chickenpox During Pregnancy - How Serious Is It?

Chicken pox (varicella is usually worse in adults who didn't have chicken pox as children. It's even worse in pregnant women as it puts them at high risk of developing life-threatening pneumonia. ... read more »

Chancroid

 The agent responsible for the sexually transmitted disease Chancroid is a bacteria called Haemophilus Ducreyi. ... read more »

Handwashing With Hot or Cold Water?

Studies show that various temperatures for washing hand had no effect on transient or resident bacterial reduction. They found no evidence that hot water had any benefit. ... read more »

HPV in Pregnancy

HPV in pregnancy has not been connected with pregnancy complications such as miscarriage or premature labor. ... read more »

Parvovirus Exposure During Pregnancy

Some women are immune to parvovirus while others can become infected. A blood test can confirm if you are immune or not. ... read more »

Ear Infections and Plagiocephaly

Plagiocephaly is a flattening of the head and researchers have now found that it could be responsible for an increased number of ear infections. ... read more »

Chlamydia - Babies

Can babies get infected? ... read more »

Bacteriuria

Up to one in 10 women has asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy. If untreated, about one-third of these will develop symptomatic infection of the bladder or kidney. These infections can lead to complications such as premature labor and delivery. ... read more »

Chlamydia - Treatment

If you have chlamydial infection, take all of the prescribed medicine, even after symptoms disappear. If the symptoms do not disappear within one to two weeks after finishing the medicine, go to your doctor or clinic again. ... read more »

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