Laboratory values in pregnancy. See All Laboratory Values in Pregnancy.

Estrogen (Estradiol) Levels During Pregnancy

Estradiol is more widely known as estrogen, the female reproductive hormone. It plays a part in mood stabilization, temperature control, and other body functions, though it is most well-known as the pregnancy and menopause hormone. ... read more »

Protein - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

Total serum protein measures the amount of protein in the given blood sample, including the individual factors of protein albumin and globulin. Subsets of globulin, like alpha-1, may also be measured. ... read more »

Blood Type Calculator

Our interactive blood group calculator determines a baby's probable blood type based on mom's and dad's blood types, and vice versa. ... read more »

Blood Type and Rh Rhesus Status By Countries

Chart showing blood types (A, B, AB, O) and Rh Rhesus status (Rh-positive and Rh-negative) by country. About 92% of all people are Rh-positive and the rest are Rh-negative. ... read more »

2-Hour Glucose Tolerance Test During Pregnancy

In some cases, the 2-hour glucose tolerance test may be used in place of the 1-hour glucose tolerance test during pregnancy, and the protocol is basically the same. ... read more »

Copper (Serum) During Pregnancy

When you think of a blood test you don't think of copper, but many complete blood screenings measure copper levels. If a patient shows symptoms of Wilson disease, a total copper test is ordered. ... read more »

Ethnic Distribution Of Blood Types

There are four blood types: O, A, B, and AB. The blood types have different racial and ethnic differences. ... read more »

Blood Test for Blood Type and Rh Status And Antibody Screen

At your first prenatal visit, the doctor will do several blood tests such as your blood type, whether it's type O, A, B, or AB, and the Rh status, whether it's Rh-negative or Rh-positive. ... read more »

Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone produced in both men and women produced by the pituitary gland that is essential for reproduction. It plays a role in many events including puberty, menstruation, and fertility. ... read more »

Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

The mean platelet volume is nothing more than a measurement of the average platelet size. The number of platelets in a blood samples is also noted during the test. ... read more »

Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) measure the size of an average red blood cell. The test is completed by counting red blood cells in a given space and dividing by the total number of red blood cells.  ... read more »

Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase During Pregnancy

GGT, also known as Gamma Glutamyl Transferase, tests are most often run in response to increased Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP). ... read more »

Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C (Serum) During Pregnancy

Vitamin C is most well-known as the immune-boosting vitamin, but levels of vitamin C in the blood give doctors an indication of more than immune system function. Low levels of vitamin C can be associated with high blood pressure, stroke and certain forms of cancer. ... read more »

Anion Gap (Plasma, Serum) During Pregnancy

The anion gap is the difference between cations and anions in urine, plasma or serum. This gap can be used to diagnose metabolic disorders. If a high anion gap is noted, the lab results are often compared to clinical symptoms and representations. ... read more »

Alpha-Tocopherol - Vitamin E (Serum) During Pregnancy

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant found in any foods. The vitamin is also found in multivitamins and standalone vitamin E supplements. Patients who are deficient in vitamin E may suffer from edema or hemolytic anemia. Deficiency is rare. ... read more »

Red Blood Cell Count Test During Pregnancy

The RBC gives doctors the total red blood cell count present in the provided blood sample, which is a good indicator of total RBC count in the body. ... read more »

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration Pregnancy Test

The Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) test is part of the common complete blood count (CBC) used to measure overall health. ... read more »

Triiodothyronine - Free - FT3 (Serum) During Pregnancy

Free Triiodothyronine or FT3 is part of the thyroid panel of blood tests. This test is ordered alongside the TSH and T4 test if a patient is suspected of having an overactive thyroid or as a follow-up test when a patient's TSH and T4 tests return abnormal results. ... read more »

25-Hydroxy - Vitamin D (Plasma) During Pregnancy

25-hydroxy vitamin D is the inactive form of vitamin D. This test tells doctors, with the most accuracy, how much vitamin D is currently in the body. ... read more »

White Blood Cell Count In Pregnancy

White blood cell counts are a good indicator of how well your immune system is functioning. ... read more »

What Is Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate During Pregnancy?

The ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) test is excellent at reporting inflammation, but the test is non-specific so the doctor may have no idea where the inflammation is happening. ... read more »

Lipase (Serum) During Pregnancy

One of the enzymes found in blood that helps break down fats is called lipase. When lipase levels are normal, fats are broken down before they reach the intestine where the fats are absorbed into the body. ... read more »

Cholesterol - Total (Plasma, Serum) During Pregnancy

Cholesterol is found in every human blood sample. Our bodies produce about ¾ of the cholesterol measured on blood tests. The remaining ¼ is consumed in food. ... read more »

Factor VIII (Plasma) During Pregnancy

The clotting system of the human body is a complex process. Several Factors, including Factor VIII, play an important part in blood clotting. When any one of the Factors is not being produced at healthy levels, the clotting process can be impaired. ... read more »

Apolipoprotein B (Serum) During Pregnancy

Apolipoprotein B (APOB) is associated with LDL, low density lipoprotein, levels in the blood. LDL is most commonly known as bad cholesterol. When levels of APOB are higher than normal, plaque deposits tend to increase causing atherosclerosis. ... read more »

1, 25 Dihydroxy- Vitamin D (Serum) During Pregnancy

The blood test for active vitamin D is known as the 1, 25 dihydroxy vitamin D test. 25 hydroxy vitamin D tests show the amount of inactive vitamin D. After that basic form is activated, it changes to 1, 25 dihydroxy. ... read more »

Sodium (Serum) During Pregnancy

Sodium, most commonly referred to as salt, is present in all human blood samples. A healthy amount of sodium is needed for the body to function properly, but too much sodium or too little sodium can lead to negative side effects, including death. ... read more »

Alpha-Fetoprotein (Serum) During Pregnancy

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is thought to be the fetus's version of albumin. It is produced during the development of the fetus by the yolk sac. In the pregnant woman, AFP is produced by the liver during gestation. ... read more »

Cancer Antigen - 125 (Serum CA) During Pregnancy

Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) is a protein. The protein is commonly found on cancer cells of the ovary, though it can be noted in other forms of cancer. Patients with ovarian cancer may be tested for CA 125 throughout treatment. ... read more »

Amylase (Serum) During Pregnancy

The enzyme amylase speeds up the process of breaking starches into sugars that can be then used by the body for energy. Food first comes in contact with amylase in the mouth, where digestion begins. ... read more »

Selenium (Plasma, Serum) During Pregnancy

Selenium is an antioxidant consumed naturally as a trace mineral found in food. Antioxidants are important for the control of free radicals in the human body. Selenium blood tests are often included as part of a complete blood count (CBC) test. ... read more »

Potassium (Serum) During Pregnancy

Potassium is a mineral and electrolyte that supports muscle/nerve communication and electrical activity in the body. Potassium levels need to stay in careful balance to prevent side effects of hyperkalemia (too much potassium) or hypokalemia (too little potassium). ... read more »

Thyroxine - T4 (Serum) During Pregnancy

The total thyroxine test is typically ordered to measure thyroid function. Patients with symptoms of hyperactive or hypoactive thyroid may present with abnormal total thyroxine levels. Goiter and infertility testing may also include total thyroxine blood tests. ... read more »

Uric Acid (Serum) During Pregnancy

Patients with high levels of uric acid may experience joint pain, which is also a symptom of gout. Doctors may order a uric acid blood test to verify a gout diagnosis. ... read more »

Protein S - Free (Plasma) During Pregnancy

There are two types of Protein S ' free and complex. Free Protein S is ready and available to bind to Protein C. Both proteins play an important part in coagulation or clotting. ... read more »

24-Hour Protein Excretion (Urine) During Pregnancy

Protein excretion is the amount of protein excreted or passed out of the body in urine. Some excretion is normal, but excessive excretion can be a sign of something more serious. ... read more »

Complement - C3 (Serum) During Pregnancy

Complement C3 is also known as simply C3. This protein is a genetic part of the immune system. People with low levels of C3 may contract bacterial infections more often. C3 measurements on blood tests can be used to support or refute a particular diagnosis. ... read more »

Folate - Red Cell (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

If you're experiencing anemia, your doctor will order a series of blood tests. The series of tests may include the red cell folate test ' most often if your red blood cells are larger than normal called macrocytic anemia. ... read more »

Triglycerides (Serum) During Pregnancy

Triglycerides are a major fuel source of the body. Much of this fat is stored in body tissues for use as needed, but some continuously circulates throughout the body for immediate use by muscles. ... read more »

Basophil Count (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

Basophils are part of the body's immune system ' specifically white blood cells. During an inflammatory reaction, particularly a reaction caused by an allergen, basophils rush to the site and release heparin. ... read more »

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) During Pregnancy

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is the rate in which blood moves through miniscule kidney filters. The test is ordered as part of a kidney series to gauge kidney health. ... read more »

Lymphocyte Count (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

A lymphocyte count blood test measures the number of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, in a given blood sample. The results of the test are compared to normal lymphocyte levels. ... read more »

Bile Acids (Serum) During Pregnancy

Bile acids, found in bile excreted by the liver in humans, are responsible for aiding the absorption of fat. They also play a part in how the body uses cholesterol. When cholesterol is processed by the liver, bile acids form. ... read more »

Zinc (Serum) During Pregnancy

Zinc is a mineral commonly consumed via poultry or red meat. Zinc is an essential mineral, which means the body needs a minimum intake and absorption of zinc for optimal health. ... read more »

C-reactive Protein (Serum) During Pregnancy

C-reactive protein (CRP) is made in the liver. Levels in blood are directed related to inflammation process. If a patient suffers from an inflammatory condition, CRP levels will be higher than normal. ... read more »

Homocysteine (Plasma) During Pregnancy

Homocysteine is an amino acid; the cornerstone of protein production. Amino acids are taken in to the body when meat is consumed. High blood levels of homocysteine can be associated with atherosclerosis; a condition characterized by hard/narrow arteries. ... read more »

Alanine Aminotransferase - ALT, SGPT (Serum) During Pregnancy

Alanine Aminotrasferase (ALT) is found in multiple body tissues. The serum plays a role in speeding up the alanine cycle. Doctors order this blood test as one means of measuring liver health. ... read more »

Bilirubin - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

When the liver works to reduce biliverdin and breakdown heme, bilirubin is produced. This orange pigment is excreted into the blood by liver cells. ... read more »

Creatine Kinase - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

Creatine kinase (CK) levels are tested if heart damage is expected. When a patient present with symptoms of a heart attack, diagnostic testing begins, including a complete series of blood tests. ... read more »

Testosterone - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

Testosterone is a hormone generally associated with the differentiation between men and women. Testosterone levels are higher in men than women. ... read more »