Laboratory values in pregnancy. See All Laboratory Values in Pregnancy.

Parathyroid Related Protein (Serum) During Pregnancy

The parathyroid-related protein is partially responsible for calcium levels in the body, but the effect is thought to be much greater than that. ... read more »

Antigen Tissue Plasminogen Activator (Plasma) During Pregnancy

Tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) is part of the blood clotting system. The body naturally produces the activator to help control blood clotting to ensure blood remains viscous and moving. ... read more »

24-Hour Sodium (Urine Collection) (Excretion) During Pregnancy

A urine sodium test measures the total amount of sodium in a urine sample. The 24-hour collection method requires the patient to collect all urine output for a 24 hour period in a special container. ... read more »

Red Blood Cell Count Test During Pregnancy

The RBC gives doctors the total red blood cell count present in the provided blood sample, which is a good indicator of total RBC count in the body. ... read more »

Progesterone (Serum) During Pregnancy

Progesterone is a reproductive hormone that works closely with human chorionic gonadotropin, follicle stimulant hormone, luteinizing hormone and other reproductive hormones to regulate menstrual cycle, ovulation and pregnancy changes. ... read more »

Immunoglobulin Test During Pregnancy

Immunoglobulin A is the most common antibody in blood. Antibodies, like IgA, are nothing more than proteins designed to attack and fight off foreign bodies like bacteria and toxins. The level of IgA is highest in the gastro and respiratory tracts. ... read more »

24-Hour Urine Collection Test During Pregnancy

Patients ordered to complete a 24-hour potassium excretion test must collect all excreted urine for 24 hours. The urine is tested for potassium in an attempt to pattern potassium rise and fall throughout the 24 hour period. ... read more »

Antigen Tissue Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor During Pregnancy

Tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) plays an important role in blood clotting. During pregnancy, levels of PAI rise, but levels return to normal quickly after birth. ... read more »

Thyroxine Free During Pregnancy

Thyroxine blood tests are typically ordered to evaluate thyroid health. ... read more »

Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase During Pregnancy

GGT, also known as Gamma Glutamyl Transferase, tests are most often run in response to increased Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP). ... read more »

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin During Pregnancy

Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells. It is the part of the cell that carries oxygen. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) measures the weight of the average amount of hemoglobin in one red blood cell. ... read more »

Red Cell Distribution Width During Pregnancy

Red cell distribution width is a measurement of variation between red blood cells sizes. There should be an even distribution of immature and mature /small and large red blood cells. ... read more »

What Is a 24-Hour Creatinine Clearance Test?

A 24 hour creatinine clearance test requires both urine and blood collection. The patient collects all urine for 24 hours and then reports to the lab with the urine sample to have blood drawn. ... read more »

Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration Test During Pregnancy

The Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) test is part of the common complete blood count (CBC) used to measure overall health. ... read more »

Why Does My Doctor Test Alkaline Phosphatase?

Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme that removes phosphates from various molecules in the body, including proteins and alkaloids. This blood test is often ordered as part of a liver health screening. ... read more »

Glycated Hemoglobin (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

Hemoglobin A1c, also known as glycated hemoglobin, is a test used to determine how well treatment for diabetes is working over a minimum of a six-week period. The test gives a result that shows an average blood glucose level for the previous six to 12 weeks. ... read more »

DHEA-S (Serum) During Pregnancy

DHEA-S (dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) is excreted by the adrenal glands. Blood tests are ordered if female patients show signs of excessive masculinity or if an adrenal tumor is suspected. One of the causes of altered DHEA-S levels is polycystic ovary syndrome. ... read more »

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time During Pregnancy

This blood test gives doctors an indication of blood clotting time. Blood is moved to the lab in vials that contain an anticoagulant (stops blood clotting). Once in the lab, a coagulant is added to the vial and the lab tech notes how long it takes for a clot to form. ... read more »

Aspartate Aminotransferase Levels During Pregnancy

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) is often included in blood tests as a measurement of liver health. The enzyme promotes healthy metabolism of amino acids. ... read more »

24-Hour Protein Excretion (Urine) During Pregnancy

Protein excretion is the amount of protein excreted or passed out of the body in urine. Some excretion is normal, but excessive excretion can be a sign of something more serious. ... read more »

Complement - C3 (Serum) During Pregnancy

Complement C3 is also known as simply C3. This protein is a genetic part of the immune system. People with low levels of C3 may contract bacterial infections more often. C3 measurements on blood tests can be used to support or refute a particular diagnosis. ... read more »

Folate (Serum) During Pregnancy

Serum folate is simply the measurement of folate in blood serum. Folate is also known as folic acid or vitamin B. Low folate levels can cause fatigue and increase the risk of neural tube defects. ... read more »

Protein C Functional Activity (Plasma) During Pregnancy

Protein C is a glycoprotein that works directly with Protein S to regulate blood clotting. If thromboembolism or deep vein thrombosis has occurred, the Protein C Functional Activity test along with other protein-based blood tests will be ordered within 10 days of the event. ... read more »

Basophil Count (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

Basophils are part of the body's immune system ' specifically white blood cells. During an inflammatory reaction, particularly a reaction caused by an allergen, basophils rush to the site and release heparin. ... read more »

3-Hour Glucose Tolerance Test GTT During Pregnancy

The 3-hour glucose tolerance test GTT is used during pregnancy to rule out or diagnose gestational diabetes. ... read more »

Complement - C4 (Serum) During Pregnancy

Complement C4 is part of the immune system. Closely related to Component C3, C4 is a genetic element coded during the earliest stages of life. ... read more »

Folate - Red Cell (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

If you're experiencing anemia, your doctor will order a series of blood tests. The series of tests may include the red cell folate test ' most often if your red blood cells are larger than normal called macrocytic anemia. ... read more »

Triglycerides (Serum) During Pregnancy

Triglycerides are a major fuel source of the body. Much of this fat is stored in body tissues for use as needed, but some continuously circulates throughout the body for immediate use by muscles. ... read more »

Bicarbonate (Serum) During Pregnancy

Bicarbonate works to buffer pH levels in the body. The buffer helps control pH so blood does not become acidic or basic. Carbon dioxide and bicarbonate are closely related as about 90% of carbon dioxide carried in blood exists as bicarbonate. ... read more »

Copper (Serum) During Pregnancy

When you think of a blood test you don't think of copper, but many complete blood screenings measure copper levels. If a patient shows symptoms of Wilson disease, a total copper test is ordered. ... read more »

Magnesium (Serum) During Pregnancy

Magnesium is consumed via food and excreted by the kidneys. The blood test is commonly ordered if calcium or potassium levels were lower than normal on a previous blood test. High and low magnesium levels could be a sign of an underlying problem. ... read more »

Prolactin (Serum) During Pregnancy

Prolactin is a hormone that originates in the pituitary gland. During and after pregnancy, the hormone stimulates the production of breast milk. It also plays an important role in menstruation, fertility and sex drive. ... read more »

Serum Albumin During Pregnancy

Albumin is a general term referring to water-soluble proteins found in blood. Serum albumin accounts for about 60% of plasma proteins found in human blood. ... read more »

Transferrin (Serum) During Pregnancy

In terms of blood testing, the transferring and TIBC test measure the same thing ' though the tests are different. Transferrin is a protein that transports iron through the blood stream. TIBC, on the other hand, measures iron ready for binding to transferrin. ... read more »

Bile Acids (Serum) During Pregnancy

Bile acids, found in bile excreted by the liver in humans, are responsible for aiding the absorption of fat. They also play a part in how the body uses cholesterol. When cholesterol is processed by the liver, bile acids form. ... read more »

Cortisol (Plasma, Serum) During Pregnancy

Cortisol is a steroid hormone. The hormone is produced by and released from the adrenal gland. Cortisol levels increase in blood if a patient is taking estrogen or certain steroid medications. ... read more »

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) During Pregnancy

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is the rate in which blood moves through miniscule kidney filters. The test is ordered as part of a kidney series to gauge kidney health. ... read more »

Lymphocyte Count (Whole Blood) During Pregnancy

A lymphocyte count blood test measures the number of lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, in a given blood sample. The results of the test are compared to normal lymphocyte levels. ... read more »

Protein - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

Total serum protein measures the amount of protein in the given blood sample, including the individual factors of protein albumin and globulin. Subsets of globulin, like alpha-1, may also be measured. ... read more »

Total Iron-Binding Capacity - TIBC (Serum) During Pregnancy

TIBC or total iron-binding capacity is a blood test ordered when a patient is thought to have high or low iron levels. If iron levels are higher than normal, TIBC levels will be low. If iron levels are lower than normal, TIBC levels will be high. ... read more »

Bilirubin - Conjugated, Direct (Serum) During Pregnancy

Bilirubin is a familiar word to new mothers. If bilirubin is not excreted by livers cells, the skin and eyes can take on a yellow color due to the pigment in bilirubin. This condition is known as jaundice. ... read more »

Zinc (Serum) During Pregnancy

Zinc is a mineral commonly consumed via poultry or red meat. Zinc is an essential mineral, which means the body needs a minimum intake and absorption of zinc for optimal health. ... read more »

C-reactive Protein (Serum) During Pregnancy

C-reactive protein (CRP) is made in the liver. Levels in blood are directed related to inflammation process. If a patient suffers from an inflammatory condition, CRP levels will be higher than normal. ... read more »

Glucose - Fasting (Plasma) During Pregnancy

Fasting glucose is a blood test that requires the patient skip food for at least 12 hours prior to the test. Typically, the test is administered first thing in the morning so the patient can stop about bedtime for the test the following morning. ... read more »

Low Neutrophil Count During Pregnancy

The main function of neutrophils is to fight off fungal or bacterial infections. Neutrophil levels appear abnormal on the white blood count test if there is a condition affecting the immune system. ... read more »

Alanine Aminotransferase - ALT, SGPT (Serum) During Pregnancy

Alanine Aminotrasferase (ALT) is found in multiple body tissues. The serum plays a role in speeding up the alanine cycle. Doctors order this blood test as one means of measuring liver health. ... read more »

Urea Nitrogen - BUN (Serum) During Pregnancy

A blood urea nitrogen test is ordered as a diagnostic tool examining liver and/or kidney function. When the liver and kidneys are working properly, BUN levels should be normal. ... read more »

Bilirubin - Total (Serum) During Pregnancy

When the liver works to reduce biliverdin and breakdown heme, bilirubin is produced. This orange pigment is excreted into the blood by liver cells. ... read more »

Cobalamin - Vitamin B12 (Serum) During Pregnancy

Cobalamin is vitamin B12. A vitamin B12 blood test is often used to diagnose certain types of anemia, malnutrition and vitamin malabsorption conditions. ... read more »

Creatinine (Plasma, Serum) During Pregnancy

Creatinine is responsible for breaking down creatine, which is used by the muscle for growth and recovery. The creatinine blood test does is used to assess kidney health. ... read more »