Congenital Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Infants born with a hyper flexibility may be diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The condition is characterized by loose joints and loose connective tissue. ... read more »

Marrying a Cousin - Is There An Increased Risk In Pregnancy?

A task force has recently looked into the medical issues of cousin marriage and whether there are increased complications when cousins marry. ... read more »

Craniophagus Parasiticus

There have been several famous cases of children being born attached at the head or other part of the body. ... read more »

Congenital Hypoplastic (Left Heart Syndrome)

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital heart defect where the left side of the heart is underdeveloped. For the first 10 to 11 days after birth, the patent ductus arteriosus, this closes soon after birth. ... read more »

Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot is a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth. Symptoms of the condition include difficulty eating, failure to thrive, no weight gain or weight loss, sudden death or stroke. ... read more »

Congenital Duncan’s Disease

The official name of Duncan's Disease is X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. The condition is caused by a malformation of the X chromosome, which means both male and female children can be affected. Specifically, the SH2D1A gene does not exist. ... read more »

Congenital Dandy Walker Syndrome

Patients with Dandy Walker Syndrome are diagnosed with a malformation of the brain involving the cerebellum and the space around the cerebellum that is filled with fluid. ... read more »

Congenital Hypotonia - Low Muscle Tone

Children born with hypotonia have low muscle tone and lower than average strength. Most children are not born with hypotonia, but develop it as a result of some other disorder or disease. ... read more »

Trisomy 13 - Patau Syndrome

Trisomy 13 syndrome is a disorder of human chromosomes which occurs in approximately 1 in 10,000 live born infants. Trisomy 13 is due to the presence of an extra #13 chromosome. ... read more »

Albinism

Albinism is characterized by a lack of the pigment melanin in skin, hair and eyes. There are two main forms of albinism. ... read more »

Preconconception Vitamins and Folic Acid

Folic acid in combination with a multivitamin supplement has been associated with a decrease in specific birth defects. ... read more »

Congenital Hypertrichosis - Wolf Baby

The conditions manifest as hair growing all over the face and back of the body. This hair is not normal hair, but resembles more closely the fur on an animal's body. ... read more »

Diabetes and the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Women who have diabetes are at increased risk of complications in pregnancy, including increased risk of birth defects or fetal death. ... read more »

Indeterminate Sex

When an infant is born with indeterminate sex, the genital organs are not visually male or female. ... read more »

Heartburn Medications Not Linked to Birth Defects

Heartburn is a common complication in pregnancy, but researchers say pregnant women should not worry about their effects on the unborn fetus. ... read more »

Harlequin-type Ichthyosis

Infants born with Harlequin-type Ichthyosis present with dry, scaly skin creating a diamond pattern on the body. Skin is much thicker than normal and does not bend so severe cracking occurs. When cracks forms, risk of infection increases. Some skin infections associated with Harlequin-type Ichthyosis can be fatal. ... read more »

Anti-Aging Face Creams During Pregnancy

Most anti-aging creams are included on the list of beauty treatments that are considered unsafe to use during pregnancy due to the fact that anti-aging creams often include high doses of vitamin A. ... read more »

Smoking Linked to Clubfoot and Other Physical Birth Defects

Doctors are constantly reminding pregnant women of the risk factors associated with smoking during pregnancy such as lower birth weight and increased risk of miscarriage. But despite the warnings, there have been no proven physical birth defects associated with smoking, until now. ... read more »

Paxil (Paroxetine) During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Paroxetine (Paxil) during pregnancy, breastfeeding and trying to conceive (TTC). Is it safe? ... read more »

Cleft Lip / Cleft Palate

The term cleft lip or cleft palate refers to a birth defect that affects the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth, known as the palate. In mild cases, the birth defect does not affect eating and can easily be repaired with simple cosmetic surgery. ... read more »

Bloom Syndrome

Bloom Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder first recognized and described by Dr. David Bloom. Another name for Bloom Syndrome is Bloom-Torre-Machacek Syndrome. ... read more »

Canavan Disease

Canavan Disease is a genetic disorder commonly found in Ashkenazi Jews. The disease causes a premature breakdown of white matter in the brain. The disease is associated with chromosome 17. ... read more »

Club Foot

Club foot is a physical deformity that develops in-utero. About one in 1,000 births are affected by the birth defect. Male children are slightly more prone to the condition than female children. ... read more »

The Invisible Face of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the term used to describe a series of birth defects associated with fetal alcohol exposure in utero. ... read more »

Fluconazole During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

All about Fluconazole and pregnancy/breastfeeding. Is it safe to use while pregnant and/or breastfeeding? ... read more »

Cool Pregnant Women Have Healthier Pregnancies

According to research completed by QUT (Queensland University of Technology), pregnant women need to stay cool during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy to decrease the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. ... read more »

Noninvasive Chromosomal Defect Test for Fetus

The current trusted method of testing for chromosomal anomalies in the fetus involves an invasive procedure where amniotic fluid is drawn from the amniotic sac and tested. The procedure is expensive and posts risk of infection and fetal harm. ... read more »

Early Pregnancy Hypertension Increases Birth Defect Risk

A new research study published in the British Medical Journal, claims women with high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to have children with birth defects. ... read more »

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome More Complex Than Once Believed

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a series of birth defects associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy. ... read more »

Warfarin (Blood Thinner) During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

All about warfarin and pregnancy/breastfeeding. Is it safe during pregnancy and/or breastfeeding? ... read more »

Lithium During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

All about Lithium and pregnancy, breastfeeding and trying to conceive (TTC). Is it safe? ... read more »

Trentinoin During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

All about Trentinoin and pregnancy/breastfeeding. Is it safe to use while pregnant and/or breastfeeding? ... read more »

Clomiphene (Clomid) During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Clomiphene (Clomid) during pregnancy, breastfeeding and trying to conceive (TTC). Is it safe? ... read more »

Theophylline During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

All about theophylline and pregnancy/breastfeeding. Is it safe during pregnancy and/org breastfeeding? ... read more »

A Healthy Diet During Pregnancy May Reduce Birth Defect Risk

Women who eat healthy during pregnancy are less apt to have children with birth defects, according to new research published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. ... read more »

HIV Drugs May Increase Risk of Birth Defects

Women who are HIV positive often take anti-retroviral drugs to reduce the symptoms associated with the virus and protect the fetus from contracting HIV during pregnancy and childbirth. ... read more »

Newborns Affected by Severe Illness Linked to Parasite

Toxoplasmosis is a cat parasite that can infect a pregnant woman if the woman touches cat waste, which is why pregnant women are told not to change cat litter boxes while pregnant. ... read more »

Assisted Reproductive Technology Procedures and Risks

Thanks to ART treatments couples that would not have otherwise been able to parent are now happily raising children. However, despite the benefits associated with ART, there is some risk of birth defect according to researchers from the University of Adelaide. ... read more »

Smoking During Pregnancy Not Linked to Autism

Tobacco smoke and the chemicals produced have long been linked to problems and conditions with the fetus. The conditions range from low birth weight, prematurity and in some instances birth defects. ... read more »

ART and Birth Defects in Western Australia

According to a retrospective analysis of data collected on major birth defects associated with ART (assisted reproductive technology), overall birth defect rates are down but remain high compared to those reported after natural conception. ... read more »

Does Time of Delivery Affect Infants With Birth Defects?

According to a new study completed by researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center, births occurring at night and over the weekend are just as safe for infants born with birth defects as weekday deliveries. ... read more »

Study: Birth Defects Are Not Being Reported Accurately

According to an annual report by the BINOCAR (British Isles Network of Congenital Anomaly Registers), birth defects are not being reported as often as they should be. Currently, about one in 80 births are noted as having a birth defect of some kind. ... read more »

PAX3 Gene May Be Linked to Birth Defects in Diabetic Mother

A team of researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center have identified an enzyme that may increase the likelihood of birth defects in children born to mothers with diabetes. The enzyme, known as AMPK, signals cells to stop producing a specific gene, PAX3. ... read more »

World Mourns Thalidomide Champion, Frances Oldham Kelsey

Dr. Kelsey would change the world of pharmaceuticals, and save the lives of untold thousands of babies around the world. ... read more »

Birth Defects

Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. Birth defects change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body. ... read more »

An Acne Pill that Causes Birth Defects

Overall, Accutane is safe for people who are not pregnant and are not trying to conceive. However, the drug can cause serious birth defects. ... read more »

Ten Tips For Reducing Risks Of Birth Defects

Everyone wants a healthy pregnancy and there are some ways you can reduce your risk of birth defects in your baby. Here are ten tips! ... read more »

Why is Folic Acid Important for Pregnancy?

What is folic acid and what does it do? ... read more »

What is Folic Acid?

What does folic acid do? ... read more »

Trisomy 18 - Edward Syndrome

Trisomy 18 syndrome is a disorder of human chromosomes which occurs in approximately 1 in 6,000 live-born infants. Trisomy 18 is due to the presence of an extra #18 chromosome. ... read more »

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