In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): What Is It?

Thinking about IVF? Here is the breakdown on the procedure! ... read more »

IVF Embryo Transfer

The embryo transfer procedure with IVF is usually the last step of in-vitro fertilization. ... read more »

Fetal Ultrasound Measurements in Pregnancy

Fetal ultrasound measurements can show how the baby is growing and detect abnormalities. During pregnancy, many different ultrasounds measurements can be done. ... read more »

What Prenatal Tests Should I Have?

What prenatal tests should I have done? ... read more »

Uterus Mullerian Anomalies: Uterus Bicornuate, Didelphus, Bicornuate

An abnormal uterus can have different shapes like unicornuate bicornuate didelphus and septate uterus. ... read more »

Ovarian Volume Testing

A woman has her peak number of eggs (oocytes) before she is born. All during a woman's life, the eggs are decreasing and tens of thousands of eggs are lost every year of a woman's life. ... read more »

Trisomy 13 - Patau Syndrome

Trisomy 13 syndrome is a disorder of human chromosomes which occurs in approximately 1 in 10,000 live born infants. Trisomy 13 is due to the presence of an extra #13 chromosome. ... read more »

Single Umbilical Artery

There are usually three vessels in the umbilical cord: two arteries and one vein. Having one, rather than two, arteries (Single umbilical artery = SUA or two-vessel cord) is the most common malformation of the umbilical cord . ... read more »

Alternative to X-rays

Are there alternatives to x-rays during pregnancy? ... read more »

Choroid Plexus Cysts

Choroid Plexus Cysts (CPC) are small fluid filled areas in the brain and they are a common ultrasound finding in the fetus during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. ... read more »

Hysterosonogram

Hysterosonography is often used to investigate uterine abnormalities in women who experience infertility or multiple miscarriages. ... read more »

Percentiles of Fetal Birth Weight

This table shows the percentiles of birthweights in grams by weeks of the pregnancy and gestational age. ... read more »

Amniocentesis - Indications

What are the reasons for doing a genetic amniocentesis? ... read more »

How Pregnant Am I When…?

There are milestones throughout a pregnancy. Some are physically noticeable and others happen and pregnant women have no idea they occurred. How pregnant am I? ... read more »

First Trimester of Pregnancy: When to Tell Others

It is commonly known that miscarriage and other complications tend to occur during the pregnancy first trimester so many couples choose to wait before telling family and friends. ... read more »

6 Stages During Pregnancy: The Changing Female Body

Stages during pregnancy are often divided up into weeks or trimesters. Within these common stages in pregnancy are six major times of change. ... read more »

X-Rays in Pregnancy - How Safe Are They

X-rays are generally safe in pregnancy. If your doctor finds you need x-rays for a medical problem or injury, it's OK to have them. ... read more »

Endometrial Cancer: Diagnosis and Staging

If you have any symptoms related to endometrial cancer, with the most common being abnormal vaginal bleeding, it is important to visit your doctor right away and undergo the appropriate testing. ... read more »

How are Fibroids Treated?

After being diagnosed with fibroids or uterine fibroids, treatment is discussed with the patient. There is a long list of treatment options, with a specific treatment plan individualized including one or more treatments for each patient. ... read more »

How Do I Know I Have Fibroids?

By the age of 50, about 50% of women will have suffered from fibroids;many of whom would never have known the fibroids existed if it weren'tfor advanced diagnostic techniques. ... read more »

What are the Risk Factors for Fibroids?

Fibroids development occurs when cells, genetically different from other uterine cells, multiply to create a mass. The mass can develop within the uterine wall, in the uterine cavity or on the outside wall of the uterus. ... read more »

Women with Low Zinc and Copper Have More Miscarriages

About 15-percent of women suffer from spontaneous abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. Doctors and researchers are constantly looking for reasons why these spontaneous abortions occur. ... read more »

Keepsake Ultrasounds: Know the Risks

While ultrasound and Doppler fetal ultrasound heartbeat monitors are used by healthcare professionals throughout pregnancy, could the non-medical use of these devices be doing harm? ... read more »

What are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids, are growths that originate in or on the uterus, specifically the smooth muscle of the uterus or myometrium. Fibroids typically develop during child-bearing years. ... read more »

Fetal Yawns Captured in 4-D

The latest ultrasound technology shows us that all this delightful activity starts long before a baby is born. Yawns, for instance, keep a baby busy during the sixth month of gestation. ... read more »

Excess Weight Shields Fetal Heart Defects from Ultrasound

Ultrasound scans have revolutionized fetal diagnostics but they are not fool proof. A Swedish doctor says that more than six of every ten serious fetal heart defects go undetected in ultrasound scans. ... read more »

Capillaries Hold Key to Preeclampsia Risk

According to a new study presented at an American College of Cardiology annual meeting, detecting preeclampsia risk is as easy as viewing the hand of a pregnant woman under a special microscope. ... read more »

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are common among women during reproductive years. Many women have fibroids, but location, growth pattern and size determine whether or not symptoms develop. ... read more »

Miscarriage Diagnosis Criteria Ineffective

When a pregnant women experiences bleeding or pain early in the pregnancy, she may undergo an ultrasound to determine if a miscarriage has occurred. ... read more »

Doppler Ultrasound During Pregnancy

Unlike ultrasound imaging used to give parents a picture of baby in-utero, Doppler ultrasound is used to view blood flow in the fetus. ... read more »

Third Trimester Ultrasound Scan: Maternal Preferences

Based on a study in the journal Health Expectations, women desire a low-cost ultrasound that provides both clinical and non-clinical information, but they have no preference for who completed the ultrasound. ... read more »

Human Heart Tissue Jumbled Until Late Pregnancy

Despite the fact that the first human heart beat can be detected early in the first trimester, researchers from the University of Leeds report human heart tissues remain jumbled until walls develop late in pregnancy. ... read more »

Healthy Baby Born from Rare Abdominal Pregnancy

Abdominal pregnancy is a rare and dangerous medical condition that is easy to miss during routine ultrasound exams. ... read more »

Swedish Moms Enjoy Midwives ... And Very Little Medicine

Having a baby is basically the same around the world but each nation's approach to prenatal and maternity care varies according to national policy. In Sweden, most mothers-to-be enjoy the services of midwives instead of doctors and nurses. ... read more »

New Down Syndrome DNA Test 10 Times More Accurate

The latest edition of the Journal of Medicine includes the story on a DNA test that is ten times more accurate than those in wide use today and it can be done much earlier in the pregnancy, too. ... read more »

Development of Fetal Weight Chart

Currently fetal weight charts are universal. All charts show the same growth rate and estimated fetal weight and length based on hundreds of years of data, but according to a new study on infants born in Tanzania, not all fetal growth charts should be the same. ... read more »

Second Trimester of Pregnancy: Doctor's Appointments and Tests

For many, the second trimester is their favorite part of the pregnancy (other than the birth of their bundle of joy, of course). But to ensure the pregnancy is progressing as it should, you will need to start seeing your doctor monthly for a check-up and a series of tests. ... read more »

Fetal Testing and Monitoring

Fetal testing and monitoring are done to ensure that a fetus is healthy and growing at an acceptable rate. Fetal tests can help detect potential and actual problems. This gives the doctors an opportunity to treat the problem before it further develops, if at all possible. ... read more »

What if I Become Pregnant With Fibroids?

Fibroids result from the growth of genetically altered uterine cells. The cells divide over and over again until a rubbery mass forms. The mass can be small; undetectable during a normal pelvic exam. ... read more »

Third Trimester of Pregnancy: Doctor's Appointments and Tests

If you’re in your third trimester (weeks 28 through 40 weeks) you’re in the home stretch. Doctor visits with are coming up more frequently, and depending on how your pregnancy is progressing so far, you will either have them monthly or weekly. ... read more »

Determination of the Gestational Age During Pregnancy

Doctors use various methods to determine gestational age of a pregnancy.The most common test is the ultrasound, which measures the size of the gestational sac and the length between crown and rump. ... read more »

What Tests are Used to Diagnose Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. Your doctor will take a medical history, perform a physical exam - possibly including an ultrasound, check your hormone levels, and measure glucose, or sugar levels, in the blood. ... read more »

Ultrasound Scans Show Harm of Smoking During Pregnancy

Researchers have discovered facial differences in fetuses from smoking and non-smoking mothers remarkable enough to visually document the harm of smoking while pregnant. ... read more »

Doppler Ultrasound Assessment of Stillbirth Risk

Researchers from St. George's Hospital Medical School in London recently published a study in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology focuses on the possibility that Doppler ultrasound may be an effective means of predicting stillbirth risk. ... read more »

Performance Artist Shares Story of Tragic End to Pregnancy

Nicole Stewart's show Bun in the Oven was supposed to be funny, filled with happy stories. It wasn't, but as the saying goes, the show must go on, so it opened as scheduled in October 2013. ... read more »

What Is a Vestigial Tail?

All humans have a tail during embryological development, and usually, the tail disappears in the first trimester. If not, the baby is born with a vestigial tail. ... read more »

3-D and 4-D Ultrasound During Pregnancy

Ultrasounds, often referred to as sonograms, are digital images taken of a fetus in-utero. Typically, a 2-D ultrasound is used to determine fetal growth, organ development and gender. ... read more »

Women 35+ Less Likely to Have Babies with Anatomical Defects

A study revealed a decreased risk of anatomical defects by as much as 40% when the mother is older. ... read more »

Lung Ultrasound for Detecting Pulmonary Edema

Preeclampsia, characterized by high blood pressure and high levels of protein in the urine, is usually diagnosed after week 32 but, in some cases, symptoms appear as early as week 20. ... read more »

Gauging Placental Health via Ultrasound

The placenta is the organ that supplies all the oxygen and nutrients the growing fetus needs. ... read more »

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