Medical issues

Diarrhea Dehydration and Fluid Loss in Pregnancy

How concerned should I be about diarrhea during pregnancy? ... read more »

Congenital Hypoplastic (Left Heart Syndrome)

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a congenital heart defect where the left side of the heart is underdeveloped. For the first 10 to 11 days after birth, the patent ductus arteriosus, this closes soon after birth. ... read more »

Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot is a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth. Symptoms of the condition include difficulty eating, failure to thrive, no weight gain or weight loss, sudden death or stroke. ... read more »

Congenital Duncan’s Disease

The official name of Duncan's Disease is X-linked lymphoproliferative disease. The condition is caused by a malformation of the X chromosome, which means both male and female children can be affected. Specifically, the SH2D1A gene does not exist. ... read more »

Marrying a Cousin - Is There An Increased Risk In Pregnancy?

A task force has recently looked into the medical issues of cousin marriage and whether there are increased complications when cousins marry. ... read more »

Congenital Dandy Walker Syndrome

Patients with Dandy Walker Syndrome are diagnosed with a malformation of the brain involving the cerebellum and the space around the cerebellum that is filled with fluid. ... read more »

Congenital Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Infants born with a hyper flexibility may be diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The condition is characterized by loose joints and loose connective tissue. ... read more »

Albinism

Albinism is characterized by a lack of the pigment melanin in skin, hair and eyes. There are two main forms of albinism. ... read more »

Congenital Hypotonia - Low Muscle Tone

Children born with hypotonia have low muscle tone and lower than average strength. Most children are not born with hypotonia, but develop it as a result of some other disorder or disease. ... read more »

Treatment for PCOS

Polycyctic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition that's responsible for about 70% of cases of anovulation (not ovulating). ... read more »

Ovarian Hypo Production and Pregnancy

Once a woman with ovarian hypo function becomes pregnant, there are no contraindication between the condition and the pregnancy. The baby will be carried in the same way as a mother without the ovarian abnormality. ... read more »

Periodontal Gum Disease

How does periodontal gum disease affect pregnancy? ... read more »

Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy (PUPPP)

What is Pruritic Urticarial Papules and Plaques of Pregnancy (PUPPP)? ... read more »

Hashimoto Disease and Anti-Thyroid Antibodies

What is the affect of Hashimoto Disease and Anti-Thyroid Antibodies on pregnancy? ... read more »

Recurrence Risk of Trisomy 9

Most miscarriages are associated with chromosome anomalies, and trisomy 9 (three No. 9 chromosomes) is among the most frequent anomaly found in miscarriages (about 7-8% of miscarriages), and only trisomy 16 (about 16% of miscarriages) is more frequent. ... read more »

Nosebleeds - Normal During Pregnancy?

Are nosebleeds normal during pregnancy? What should I do if I have one? ... read more »

Ovarian Cysts and Fertility

Ovarian cysts are unique in that they can be attributed to a number of other conditions. The source of the ovarian cysts is an important factor in determining whether or not the female will be able to conceive naturally. ... read more »

Ovarian Overproduction and Fertility

Fertility can be affected by over producing ovaries. If the testosterone levels are too high, the female will not menstruate, let alone ovulate. ... read more »

White Discharge from Nipples

Could white breast discharge from my nipples be a problem? ... read more »

Recurrent Abortion - Abnormal Tests

What workup and tests are abnormal in a patient with recurrent abortions? ... read more »

Threatened Abortion And Bed Rest

A threatened abortion is diagnosed when there is vaginal bleeding prior to 20 weeks of the pregnancy. ... read more »

Robertsonian Translocation - 13/14

Individuals with a balanced 21/22 Robertsonian translocation look normal and are phenotypically not different from other people who do not have this translocation. ... read more »

Hypothyroidism - Cause of Infertility

Is my low thyroid a reason for my infertility? ... read more »

Long-Term Problems of PCOS

Are there any long-term problems of Polycistic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)? ... read more »

Vaginal Discharge - Prevention

How can I prevent it? ... read more »

Cure for PCOS

PCOS cannot be completely cured. It is a condition that is managed, rather than cured. Treatment of the symptoms of PCOS can help reduce risks of future health problems. ... read more »

Vasectomy Reversal or IVF

Without a vasectomy reversal, a woman can get pregnant with in-vitro fertilization (IVF) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm imjection (ICSI). ... read more »

Bloating

Pregnant women often complain about gas and bloating during the 9 months that the baby is growing inside them. Bloating or gas can be caused by various factors including food intake and a slowing of the digestive process. ... read more »

Abdominal/Tummy Itchiness

As the baby grows during pregnancy, the skin must stretch to accommodate the size of the uterus and it is this stretching that sometimes causes abdominal itchiness . ... read more »

Group B Strep Infection GBS

The majority of pregnant women testing positive for Group B Strep (GBS) have no problems, But GBS can lead to certain complications both in the baby and in you, so when you test positive for GBS in pregnancy, you should get treated in labor. ... read more »

Celiac Disease, Fertility and Pregnancy

When the body reacts to glutens present in food antibodies are released to protect against the perceived threat. These antibodies attack the lining of the intestine and, over time, damage the lining of the small intestine where nutrients and vitamins and absorbed. ... read more »

Gaucher Disease

Gaucher disease is a genetic disorder passed along to children born to two parents with the recessive trait. The disease affects as many as 1 in 50,000 people with the highest risk in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. ... read more »

Asthma in Pregnancy

Asthma is a condition which affects the lungs. Women with asthma who become pregnant must make sure that they properly manage their condition or they put both themselves and their baby at risk.   ... read more »

Amniotic Band Syndrome

In rare cases, amniotic bands become entangled around the fetus. The condition is called amniotic band syndrome. The bands can wrap around limbs, vital areas or the umbilical cord. As the fetus grows, blood flow is restricted. ... read more »

Surgery During Pregnancy

The ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) recognizes the fact that non-obstetric surgery during pregnancy is an issue medical professionals deal with on a daily basis. ... read more »

What is Thrombophilia?

Thrombophilia is a clotting condition that causes formation of excessive blood clots. Blood clots can form anywhere in the blood stream, but commonly form on the deep veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or the lungs (pulmonary embolism). ... read more »

Aniridia

Aniridia is a congenital eye disorder also referred to as iris hypoplasia. At first glance, patients with aniridia appear to have no iris (colored part of the eye), but a closer look reveals the root of the iris. ... read more »

What are Bleeding Disorders?

Bleeding disorders, also known as coagulopathy, cause unexpected or uncontrollable bleeding. Bleeding can occur after injury, but may start out of nowhere without injury. ... read more »

Clotting Disorders or Thrombophilias

Clotting disorders is a blanket term used to describe a series of disorders that cause excessive clotting. Excessive clotting leads to the formation of blood clots in the blood stream. Another name for clotting disorders is thrombus. ... read more »

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that is chronic and life-threatening. A large portion of patients suffering from Cystic Fibrosis are children and young adults. The condition affects the lungs, gastrointestinal system, sweat glands and male reproductive system. ... read more »

Color Blindness And Pregnancy

Color blindness is an eye condition that affects how the patient sees color. Pigments that detect color variations do not work properly causing difficultly differentiating between certain colors or shades of the same color. ... read more »

Lupus, Fertility and Pregnancy

Lupus, or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a disorder that affects how the body's immune system reacts to the skin, heart, lungs, jointsand brain and various other organs. The immune system attacks the bodyleading to a constant state of inflammation. ... read more »

Women's Health Issues

When planning for pregnancy, it is important for women to take care of their health. They can do this by periconception and preconception planning, getting regular checkups and screenings and having regular mammograms. ... read more »

Obesity and Fertility

Does obesity affect my fertility? ... read more »

When Should I Get Tested After Several Miscarriages

Testing is generally a good idea for what doctors define as recurrent miscarriages. ... read more »

What is Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Seborrheic dermatitis is also known as cradle cap in babies. Adults can also present with the dry, flaky skin associated with the condition. ... read more »

Are Dental X-rays Safe In Pregnancy?

Diagnostic radiation including dental X-rays are safe, specifically if you use a lead cover. Diagnostic radiation has far less X-ray dosage than therapeutic radiation which is used to treat cancer and which exposes you to much higher radiation. ... read more »

Cystic Fibrosis 5T Allele

If a person carries the 5T allele, there may be a slight increase in pancreatitis and sinusitis. The 5T allele is a mutated cystic fibrosis gene. ... read more »