Pre-pregnancy is the best time to get tested
The pre-trimester, the time prior to conception, is a time of preparation. When you see your doctor, certain tests can be performed based on your history and the doctor's examination.
For example, if you think there is a possibility that you have a sexually transmitted disease, it is best to find out as soon as possible because it can affect not only your chances of getting pregnant but also the development of the pregnancy. Some medical issues and infections are treatable, and treatment should optimally be completed prior to conception.
Additionally, if there are genetic disorders that are common in your family you may want to be tested for those genetic abnormalities.
The following is a comprehensive list of tests that you can do prior to your pregnancy, and prior to conception before getting pregnant:
- Male fertility testing: Sperm analysis
- Pap Smear
- TSH (checks thyroid)
- Sperm analysis
- Postcoital test (PCT)
- Check Ovulation with the basal body temperature curve (BBT)
- Cycle Day 3 tests if problems with TTC
- Hepatitis B
- Vaginal tests for GC and Chlamydia
- Rubella titers
- Chickenpox titers
- Parvovirus B-19 (Fifth Disease) titers
- Cytomegalovirus titers
- Toxoplasmosis titers
- Type and Rh both partner's blood
- CBC and hemoglobin electrophoresis
- Genetic screening (based on ethnicity): Sickle Cell Screen, Thalassemia Screen, Jewish Genetic Disease