What is a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?
An infection, whether it's sexually transmitted or otherwise, occurs when certain pathological organisms like bacteria or viruses invade and multiply inside the body. This invasion can produce tissue injury and lead to overt diseases through different processes. An STD occurs when an infection is transmitted during sex, although it may not be exclusively during sex since some infections are transmitted through touching or kissing.
STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD, and are now also referred to as sexually transmitted infections, or STIs. Here are some of the most common ones:
STDs during pregnancy
Having an STD during pregnancy is quite different from when you are not pregnant. During pregnancy, STDs can affect not only you but the developing fetus as well. Some infections have worse outcomes for mom during pregnancy, while others cause problems for the baby and not the mother.
The best way to protect yourself from STDs is to have regular check-ups with your gynecologist and get tested regularly. Be honest when asked questions about sexual partners. Ask questions about the best forms of protection. If you are considering pregnancy in the future, it is best to find out as soon as possible because it can affect not only your chances of getting pregnant but also the development of the pregnancy.
Here are some infections that can occur without sexual activity yet can also be passed via sexual contact:
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection
- Group B Strep Infection
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- Yeast Infection
- ZIKA Virus