What is a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?

An infection, whether it's sexually transmitted or otherwise, occurs when certain pathological organisms like bacteria or viruses invade and multiply inside the body. This invasion can produce tissue injury and lead to overt diseases through different processes. An STD occurs when an infection is transmitted during sex but not exclusively during sex and may also include infections that are being transmitted through touching or kissing.

STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD. Sexually transmitted diseases include the following:

STD during pregnancy

An infection during pregnancy is different from when you are not pregnant - it can affect the pregnant woman as well as the developing fetus inside the uterus. Some infections have worse outcomes during pregnancy, while others cause problems for the baby and not the mother.

During pregnancy an infection can be different from when you are not pregnant:

  1. An infection during pregnancy may not just affect the person becoming infected but also the developing fetus inside the uterus.
  2. Some infections can have worse outcomes for the mother when she is pregnant, compared to when she is not pregnant.
  3. Some organisms do not cause problems for the mother but may harm the fetus or infect the baby when it is born.

Stomach flu - Another name for gastroenteritis including diarrhea

You can decrease the risk of infection during pregnancy by washing your hands frequently, not eating raw or undercooked meats, not sharing food or drinks with other people, not eating unpasteurized milk products, not emptying cat litter, and not being exposed to other persons who are infected either through intercourse or other exposures.