Infertility describes the inability of a man or woman get pregnant, conceive a child or the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to term. In general, infertility is diagnosed when pregnancy cannot be achieved after 12 months (6 months in women over the age of 35) of trying to get pregnant, having unprotected intercourse. It is generally recommended that couples who cannot get pregnant or those with medical or gynecologic issues should see a specialist to find out if there is a reason and to get treated.

There are many different conditions and other factors which can contribute to fertility problems. There may just be one or multiple reasons, he or she or both may have problems, and sometimes no specific cause can be found.

A couple is considered to be infertile if they have not conceived after 12 consecutive months of unprotected intercourse (6 months if the woman is over 35 years old) or earlier if there are known issues. If pregnancy does not happen as expected, both male and female partners need to get tested for fertility.