woman holding hot dog food to avoid

Good nutrition is essential to ensuring that a mother's body can give the unborn baby the nourishment she or he requires to develop and grow.

It's a fact: It is important to eat well balanced meals at all times. This is even more essential when you are trying to get pregnant, and during pregnancy. Many nutrients including vitamins and minerals are needed for the proper development of the baby. You should eat the right foods and keep away from the wrong ones. Most foods are safe; however, there are some foods that you should avoid during pregnancy. Some foods are safe and others are not safe during pregnancy because changes in hormones can cause a woman's immune system to become suppressed.

You should regularly visit and read the USDA Food recall and the FDA safety and recall website to get updates on the most recent recalls. 

The developing fetus receives its nutrition through the placenta from the mother's blood. Diet extremes of diets are not advised; a balanced diet is your best bet to have a healthy pregnancy. Restricted diets, diets with too low or too high calories, high fat diets and some vegetarian diets are discouraged during pregnancy because they may not provide all the nutrition needed for the developing fetus.


  1. Food safety in pregnancy
  2. Checklists of Foods to Avoid Before and During Pregnancy
  3. Don't eat anything your great grandmother wouldn't recognize as food. Don't eat junk foods or fast foods
  4. Wash your hands and all fruits and vegetables and cook food well
  5. Check expiration dates andf don't eat anything that won't eventually rot.
  6. Don't eat anything with more than five ingredients, or ingredients you can't pronounce.
  7. Stay out of the middle of the supermarket; shop on the perimeter of the store.
  8. It is not just what you eat but how you eat. "Always leave the table a little hungry,"
  9. Families traditionally ate together, around a table and not a TV, at regular meal times. It's a good tradition. Enjoy meals with the people you love.
  10. Don't buy food where you buy your gasoline.

Along with nutrition concerns, a growing topic of importance is food safety during pregnancy.Foodborne illness is a serious health risk for pregnant women and their unborn babies. During pregnancy, changes in hormones can cause a woman's immune system to become suppressed, making itharder to fight off infections. Some food-borne illnesses can cause a woman to have pregnancy complications such as a miscarriage, stillbirth or serious health problems for the baby after birth. 

Before You're Pregnant: Protect your unborn baby from methylmercury and toxoplasmosis, and take folic acid supplements!

While You’re Pregnant: Protect your unborn baby from methylmercury, toxoplasmosis, listeria, and other foodborne illness.


Because a "safe" amount of caffeine has never been confirmed to date, it is best to avoid caffeine entirely. Women who feel strongly that they need some coffee are advised to drink no more than one cup per day. There is no proof that 1 to 2 cups of coffee daily cause pregnancy complications.


Listeria is a type of bacteria found in contaminated food that can cause miscarriage and other problems to a fetus. Because of the danger of getting a listeria infection, pregnant women should avoid unpasteurized milk, soft cheeses, cold cuts, and undercooked or raw animal foods. In addition, fruits and vegetables should be washed completely prior to consumption.


Phenylketonuria is an inherited disease that affects the utilization of a certain protein component in foods. This disease can be detected by a blood test. Mothers with phenylketonuria may give birth to developmentally disabled children unless their diets are strictly controlled to exclude phenylalanine.

Prenatal Supplement

Women trying to get pregnant should take a daily prenatal vitamin supplement which should include folic acid. Megavitamins should not be taken because they contain double or even triple the recommended daily allowances of vitamins and minerals. High doses of vitamin A have been implicated in producing birth defects. The best idea is to avoid megavitamins and instead follow the recommendation that has proven benefit: take a prenatal vitamin containing folic acid.

Folic Acid

Folic acid intake in the mother prior to and during pregnancy, has been shown to reduce the risk of birth defects involving the brain and spinal cord.

The United States Public Health Service recommends folic acid for all women of child-bearing capacity. Studies have shown that if folic acid is begun at least 4 weeks prior to conception, the risk of birth defects of the spinal cord and skull can be reduced by more than 70%. In women with or even without a history of having infants with birth defects of the spinal cord or skull, folic acid should be taken one month before conception and continued through the 12th week of pregnancy. In fact, continuing prenatal vitamins through pregnancy and even through nursing is probably wise. These prenatal vitamins are available over-the-counter. If a particular brand makes you feel nauseated, simply switch to another brand or try taking the vitamin at night.


Because of the risks of mercury poisoning and nervous system damage in the fetus from contaminated fish, pregnant women are advised to eliminate consumption of certain types of fish that are known to be high in mercury, including shark, swordfish, tilefish, and king mackerel. Tuna steaks, made from large tuna, may also have high mercury levels. Canned tuna is made from smaller fish that typically have lower levels of mercury than larger fish.

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